First Aid for study guide

  1. what is self aid?
    emergency treatment one applies to oneself
  2. name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment
    • bayonet
    • rifle
    • entrenching tool
    • tent poles and stakes
    • web belt
  3. how many pressure points, which can be used to control bleedings with fingers, thumbs or hands are there on a human body?
  4. what are the objectives of first aid?
    • to stop bleeding
    • overcome shock
    • relieve pain
    • prevent infection
  5. what FM covers first aid for soldiers
    FM 4-25.11
  6. what is first aid?
    it is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personel is available
  7. when would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?
    if in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound
  8. what soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?
    • soldier not accostumed to heat
    • overweight soldiers
    • prior heat casualties
    • soldiers already dehydrated
  9. how high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?
    2 to 4 inches
  10. what the ABC'S of medical treatment?
    • open the airway and restore breathing
    • stop the bleeding
    • prevent shock
  11. when applying splint, where should the bandages bee tied?
    the bandages should be tied with knots against the splint
  12. whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?
    use the casualties field dressing
  13. how should the ends of an improvise pressure dressing be tied
    to the ends together in a nonslip knot directly over the wound site
  14. what is manual pressure?
    if the bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct manual pressure may be used to help control bleeding
  15. why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible?
    to protect the wound from further contamination of germs and also control bleeding
  16. what should you do to indicate that a casualty has receive a tourniquet?
    mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible, note the time of the application of the tourniquet
  17. should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?
    No, only a qualified medical personel can do that
  18. where is a tourniquet applied?
    place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body trunk (or between the wound and the heart)
  19. name 3 categoris of heat cramps
    • heat cramps
    • heat exhaustion
    • heat stroke
  20. what are the signs and sympton of heat cramps?
    • cramping of the extremeties
    • abdominal cramps
    • excessive sweating
  21. what is the treatment of heat cramps?
    • move the casualty to a cool shady area
    • loosing his clothing (if not in a chemical area)
    • have him drink slowly at least a canteen of water
  22. what are the signs of heat exhaustion?
    • headache
    • dizziness
    • sweating
    • loss of appetite
    • rapid breathing
  23. if a casualty is suspected of having a spinal injury, which method is best of opening his airway?
    the jaw thrust method
  24. what are two types of fractures?
    simple and compound fractures
  25. what are the signs of open fractures
    • bleeding
    • bones are sticking throught the skin
  26. what are the symptons of closed fractures?
    • swelling
    • discoloration
    • deformity
  27. with an open fracture what should you do?
    stop the bleeding
  28. what is the basic proven principle in splinting fractures?
    splint them where they lie
  29. how tight should the torniquet be?
    tight enough to stop the bright red bleeding
  30. what the 3 types of bleeding?
    • arterial
    • venous
    • capillary
  31. what is heat injury
    a loss of water and salt, loss of sweat while personel work in the heat a general dehydration of the body
  32. what is the greatest preventive measure of diseases?
  33. how do you stop bleeding?
    • apply a field dressing
    • manual pressure
    • elevate a field dressing
    • apply a tourniquet
  34. what is CPR?
    cardiopulmonary resucitation, it is used to resore heart beat
  35. when can measures taken to resore breathing in an individual be discontinued?
    • when a doctor tells you to stop
    • when others relieve you
    • when you cannot physically continue
    • when the casualty starts to breath on his own
  36. name 2 types of rescue breathing?
    • mouth to mouth
    • mouth to nose
  37. how long is direct manual pressure applied to control bleeding?
    5 to 10 minutes
  38. what should you do prior to leaving an unconsious casualty?
    turn their heads to the side to prevent them from choking on their own vomit
  39. when should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?
    as a last resort when everything has failed or when an arm or leg has been severed off
  40. what are the 2 prescribed method of opening an airway?
    • jaw thrust method
    • head tilt/chin lif method
  41. in referrence to carrying a casualty, what are the one man methods?
    • fireman carry
    • armys carry
    • saddle back carry
    • supporting carry
    • arms carry
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First Aid for study guide
First Aid