gpv 4th s.s. chap 4
What is a loosly united group of government working together called?
What is a TREATY?
An agreement between groups of people
The is the trading center called wehre SHIPS were loaded and unloaded?
The average time between birth of parents and the birth of their children is called a __________.
THE ABILITY TO ELECT LEADERS TO SPEAK AND ACT FOR THEM WAS CALLED _______.
What is INDEPENDENCE?
Freedom to govern themselves
A large sudden change in government or in people's lives is called _________.
official statement of independence
is called a _____.
The Middle Atlantic Colonies became what 4 states?
Who was Henry Hudson?
*He was one of the first European explorers
*he claimed land for Holland
*1609 he sailed a ship Half Moon up the Mid Atlantic Coast
Who arrived to the Middle Atlantic Regions?
in 1682 he founded PENNSYLVANIA
_____ _________ was the capital of the Dutch colony in the Mid Atlantic Region.
List some of the port cities.
What were some jobs in the area?
Who passed laws that made it
for colonists to
and made them
The colonists declared INDEPENDENCE from ______.
After 8 years of fighting who won, the colonists or Britain?
What was the Colonists main complaint about the British?
They did NOT have REPRESENTATION in GOVERNMENT
Why were the Mid Atlantic colonies called the "Breadbasket"? (think bread here...)
The fertile soil produced a lot of wheat.
Name two ways to move goods.
Before cars people traveled on ______.
Why were the roads difficult to travel on?
they were dirt paths full of tree stumps and holes
Most people preferrred to travel on wide rivers and other _______ .
A river that is deep and wide enough for ships to use is called a ________ river.
What is a rapid and why did it make travel difficult?
Rapid: a rocky place in the river with sudden drops in elevation
This made travel through
Why were ships on the GREAT LAKES unable to reach the ATLANTIC OCEAN?
The APPALACHIANS lay between the GL and the AO.
What is a waterway dug across the land called that links waterways?
What CANAL connected the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean?
The part of the canal where water levels can be raised and lowered is called a _____.
The Erie Canal was finished in _______.
It allowed what city to be a leader of trade?
NEW YORK CITY
How did the ERIE CANAL affect trade?
It caused NYC to lead in trade and make it easier.
What two smaller mountain ranges make up the Appalachain Mountains?
What industry became popular in Pennsylvania?
(think Pittsburg and football:)
A contest among companies to get the most costumers or to sell the most products is called ______.
What is the system of highways called that link the Mid Atlantic states today?
What is a TURNPIKE?
a road that drivers must pay to use.
How do people travel the states today?
What is a METROPOLITAN AREA?
large city together with it's suburbs
A person who comes to live in a country is called an _____.
URBAN GROWTH means growth of _______.
Traveling back and forth to the city each day is called what ___________. (think - Daddy does this)
What is the largest Mid Atlantic Colony?
More than (8 or 2) million Americans live in NYC.
Most immigrants first stop was ______ __________.
(near the Statue of Liberty)
Immigrants had little money and lived in RUN DOWN APARTMENTS called _______.
What changed in the Mid Atlantic cities with the arrival of immigrants?
overcrowding of cities
Most people int he Mid Atlantic cities today work in what industry?
What two industries caused urban growth in the past?
MANUFACTURING AND SHIPPING
Why do people choose to live in the cities?
closer to work
enjoy the life there (food, entertainment, cultures)
_______ is a major problem in the cities.
Smoke factories and fumes from cars cause ______ which is also a problem.
What was built in NYC to help reduce traffic and pollution? (think under ground)
What term is used for BEING WITHOUT A JOB?
What does URBAN SPRAWL mean?
spreading of urban areas and the growth of new centers of business and shopping
gpv 4th s.s. chap 4
about people, economy, etc.