CMTP Final

  1. Assessing fascia (in the cardinal planes) can primarily help the therapist to:
    Determine areas of restriction or adhesion in tissue
  2. Which of the following techniques does NOT primarily affect fascia?
  3. Which of the following would be a contraindiction to direct fascial technique?
    Acute injury, anticoagulant medication, hypotonic muscles
  4. The following conditions would contraindicate the use of lymphatic drainage:
    Fever, Kidney dysfunction or failure
  5. Clearing (GTO release) is effective because golgi tendon organs are activated and the result is:
    The muscle stops contracting
  6. A trigger point is defined as:
    A hyperirritable and painful spot within a taut band of muscle that produces a referral phenomenon
  7. What is the difference between an active and latent trigger point?
    An active trigger point is painful at rest and with movement of the muscle containing it and a latent trigger point produces pain only when palpated
  8. A secondary trigger point is:
    Activated in the overworked synergist or antagonist muscles
  9. A satellite trigger point is:
    Found in muscle that lies within the referral pattern of another trigger point
  10. The following is TRUE regarding trigger point treatment:
    A passive stretch is applied to reset the muscle length after a trigger point release
  11. Once the trigger point is located, what is the proper distance and speed used to treat a trigger poit using muscle stripping?
    1 inch per 3 seconds
  12. All of the following are signs and symptoms of a trigger point:
    A TP can produce a local twitch pattern, a referral pattern, a jump sign
  13. When applying a lymphatic treatment for the neck, the movement of the lymph should be directed towards the lymph node centers in the:
    Medial posterior clavicles
  14. What areas of the neck are drained in the neck lymph treatment?
    Clavicles, back chain, front chain, ears, clavicles
  15. Which of the following describes the most effective application of a lymphatic treatment for the neck?
    The lymph sequence is applied before deeper neck work is done, using very light pressure in a retrograde manner
  16. Which of the following is properly stated as one of the Four Principles of Massage Therapy?
    Work superficial to deep to superficial
  17. What does Rattray refer to as a possible "Fifth Principle of Massage"?
    Treat antagonist muscles
  18. Which of the following is a goal or objective of the "General Protocol"?
    To provide the therapist with a guideline for working from superficial to deep and back to superficial, to prevent a painful kick-back response in the client, assist the therapist in treating any body region using specific techniques
  19. The General Protocol begins with:
  20. The following is most likely to result in a kick-back response
    Treating trigger points at a 7-9 on the pain scale
  21. A 30yo male client presents with chronic back spasms. What is the appropriate modality and position of the client for a hydrotherapy application to relieve the muscle spasms?
    A hydrocollator pack to the thoracolumbar region with the client in prone position
  22. The general rule when using heat and cold in a contrast treatment is:
    Heat is applied before cold
  23. The body's initial response to cold is:
  24. Cold application stages of sensation are:
    Cold, itch/tingle, ache/burn, numbing
  25. The following is an absolute contraindication for the use of cryotherapy:
    Raynaud's disease
  26. The treatment regarding the application of a hydrocollator pack is:
    Before application, the pack is wrapped in towels to provide approx 4-6 layers of towels between the client's skin and the pack; The client's skin may be massaged briefly prior to application of hydrocollator pack; After the recommended treatment duration, hydrocollator pack is removed and client's skin dried. Client should be instructed to rest following treatment.
  27. While applying any modality, how long is an appropriate time for the therapist to leave the room?
    Never leave the room with the modality on the client
  28. What is the correct time ratio for applying heat to cold in a contrast therapy treatment?
    3 minutes to 60 seconds
  29. What is the effect of a large temperature difference between the client's skin and a cold pack?
    The effects of the cold pack are more pronounced
  30. The following is true when comparing moist heat to dry heat;
    Moist heat penetrates deeper and lasts longer than dry
  31. A client becomes chilled during an application of cryotherapy to the lumbar erector spinae. There is evidence of piloerection over their arms and legs. What is the appropriate response to the situation?
    Remove the cold pack and warm the client
  32. Local metabolic rate is increased effectively by:
    Warm hydrotherapy applications
  33. A client is instructed to ____ after a full-body hydrotherapy application to optomize the effects of the treatment
  34. The appropriate initial response of the body to the application of heat is:
Card Set
CMTP Final
CMTP Final