English Vocab Unit 3

  1. abominate
    • (v.) to have an intense dislike or hatred for
    • Syn: loathe, abhor, despise, detest
    • Ant: relish, savour, cherish, esteem
  2. acculturation
    • (n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
    • Syn: adaptation
  3. adventitious
    • (adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital
    • Syn: extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous
    • Ant: essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital
  4. ascribe
    • (v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute
    • Syn: impute, credit, attribute
  5. circuitous
    • (adj.) roundabout, not direct
    • Syn: indirect, meandering, winding
    • Ant: straight, direct, as the crow flies
  6. commiserate
    • (v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
    • Syn: feel sorry for, empathize
    • Ant: feel no sympathy for
  7. enjoin
    • (v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit
    • Syn: bid, charge, command, adjure
    • Ant: allow, permit
  8. expedite
    • (v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster
    • Syn: accelerate, facilitate, speed up
    • Ant: hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct
  9. expiate
    • (v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert
    • Syn: redeem, make amends for, atone, make reparation
  10. ferment
    • (n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; (v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
    • Syn: (n.) commotion, turmoil, unrest
    • Ant: (n.) peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity
  11. inadvertent
    • (adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
    • Syn: accidental, unconsidered
    • Ant: deliberate, intentional, premeditated
  12. nominal
    • (adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
    • Syn: titular, token, trifling, inconsequential
    • Ant: real, actual, exorbitant, excessive
  13. noncommittal
    • (adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
    • Syn: cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vest
    • Ant: positive, definite, committed
  14. peculate
    • (v.) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use
    • Syn: embezzle, defraud, misappropriate
  15. proclivity
    • (n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behaviour)
    • Syn: natural bent, penchant, propensity
    • Ant: inability or incapacity
  16. sangfroid
    • (n.) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
    • Syn: poise, self-assurance, equanimity
    • Ant: excitability, hysteria, flappability
  17. seditious
    • (adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
    • Syn: mutinous, rebellious, subversive
    • Ant: supportive, loyal, faithful, allegiant
  18. tenuous
    • (adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
    • Syn: flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazy
    • Ant: strong, solid, substantial, valid
  19. vitriolic
    • (adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like strong acid)
    • Syn: withering, acerbic, mordant
    • Ant: bland, saccharine, honeyed, sugary
  20. wheedle
    • (v.) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end
    • Syn: cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
    • Ant: coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm
Card Set
English Vocab Unit 3
vocabulary unit 3