what is rome divided up into after failure? 2 parts.
western and eastern
what is the eastern half of rome called after failure?
Byzantine Empire (Constinople)
Who is the ruler of the eastern half of the roman empire after rome fails?
Justinian about 500s
Who is Justinian's wife?
what goal does justinian pursue?
He believes east and west should re-unite.
What is the library of Rome's legal history called? latin sounding
Corpus Juris Civilis
what are these characteristics characteristic of? degenerate, subsistent level agriticulture, no education, tribal.
western europes dark ages.
who is responsible for all history of rome being saved?
T or F Justinian's wife, theodora, was an exotic dancer.
How is it possible for royalty,Justinian, to marry her?
He tweaks law.
T or F. Theodora is an advocate for women and children.
Does Theodora pass laws to protect women and children? y or n.
what is the rebellion against Justinian called?
the nika revolt
eastern language? changes from what to what?
latin to greek
Religion of West? religion and subdivision?
Christianity, Roman Catholocism
center of western religion?
who is the head of Roman Catholocism, Christianity, in West Europe?
What is the language of the church in western europe, though lost elsewhere?
What does the word Pope and Patriarch connotate?
religion in east? religion and subdivison?
Christianity, Eastern Orthodox
center of eastern religion?
head of eastern orthodox religion?
language of eastern orthodox christian religion of Constaninople?
What are the paintings called that the Eastern Orthodox church does away with? What is the controversy called?
Icons, and Iconoclastic controversy
What are the paintings of, that the eastern orthodox church of christianity does away with?
religiously famous people
Why does Eastern Orthodox Christianity fear Icons?
They are similar to idols.
What religion tries to spread to europe?
Islam comes from what navigational direction?
What secure capital was a great buffer of Islam?
prophet of Islam?
Where does Muhammed live?
What religion does Muhammed's wife practice?
What is Muslim scripture called?
Name of Muhammed's god?
T or F? Islam means rise up, lead.
What does Islam mean?
What city, already highly religious in pagan ways, finds Muhammmed difficult to believe?
What is the name of Muhammeds flight, year 1?
After Mecca, where was Muhammed driven?
T or F. Law is above Islam religion.
False, Religion and law are one.
T or F. Muhammed returns to Mecca with army.
What is Muhammed's struggle called?
What city falls to muslim armies around 1453?
What is the city of Constaninople now called, and in what country?
what is Instanple's religion or main religion?
What are the 5 pillars of the Muslim religion?
(hint> S.F.P.A.T> way to remember> Sarah Feels Positive About Test)
1. statement of faith
2. fasting during ramadan
3. prayer to mecca (5x a day)
4. alms to poor, charity
5. trip to mecca, atleast once in life
These are characteristics of what tribes? speak various german dialects, not latin; do not value or have actual culture or cultural history or literature or schools; are primitive; no goverment structure; have warlord leaders
What was the most viable Germman tribe?
What leader brings out frank's potential?
Who was 18 when he inherited leadership of the franks from dad? He is considered agressive and ambitious.
From what family is clovis descended?
What are two significant steps Clovis took?
adopting christianity and the idea of being citizens not subjects (to obey)
T of F? Christianity is beneficial to clovis.
T or F? People are not unified under Clovis.
False. People are unified under Clovis.
What two families are associated with the German tribe, Franks?
Merovingian and Carolingian
T or F? The Merovingian family is associated with the start of the german uprise.
What is the term for the right hand man or second in power of the Merovingian ruler?
The Mayor of the Palace
What is also the term for the military leader of the Merovingian Ruler?
The Mayor of the Palace
What family triumphs the Merovingian family?
The Carolingian family
What battle is the biggest challenge for Franks?
The battle of gottalettae
T or F? The muslims took Rome from Franks
False. The muslims took control of Spain
In what battle do the franks win and the muslims are defeated?
Battle of tours
T or F? muslims defeat Charles Martel of the Franks in the battle of Tours.
False. The muslims are defeated.
Why is the triumph of Charles Martel and the Franks in the Battle of Tours significant?
This is the reason Christianity remains the beliefs of Europe. Otherwise, as with Iran and Iraq, the main religion of Europe would be muslim.
Who becomes the head, first in rule of the Franks, after the Battle of Tours when he kicks Clovis to the side?
What family is Charles Martel from?
What title did Charles Martel have before ruler of the Franks?
Mayor of the Palace
What is Charles Martel's nickname?
T or F? Pepin the Short is Charles Martel's son.
Who is the first Carolingian family member to gain the title King of Franks?
Pepin the Short
How did Pepin the Short gain the title King of Franks?
through friendship with the Pope
Why is the pope's blessing important to Pepin the Short?
The pope is considered God's speaker on earth.
What group attacks the Pope and for what reason?
The lumbards, they are jealous of his riches
Who defeats the lumbards for the Pope?
Pepin the Short
When Pepin's army takes the land the lumbards were attacking the pope for, who does Pepin pass rule of that land to?
T or F? Pope becomes king of land that was almost stolen from him by a group called the lumbards.
What is the land called that the pope gains rule of?
By the 1800's, what is the small part of the land called that the Pope is still in control of?
T or F? Charles Magne is Pepin the Short's son?
What is Charles Magne's nickname?
Charles the Great
Who refers to himself as and is called The Holy Roman Emperor?
Who presides over the largest empire Europe has seen since the glory of Rome?
What Ruler are these Characteristics descriptive of? illiterate, german chieftan, christian, holy, but recognizes he is most significant ruler since those of rome, and takes on title of Holy Roman Emperor.
T or F? Charles Magne(Charles the Great) resides over the Carolingian renaissance.
Who is going to revive education and learning, start improving?
Charles the Great (Charles Magne)
What is the name of the palace school Charles Magne starts?
Who is recruited to be the head of Aix-la-Chapelle?
Alcuin of York
T or F? Charles Magne does not try to become literate himself.