- (adj): showing innocence or childlike simplicity
- She was so INGENUOUS that her friends feared that her innocence and trustfulness would be exploited when she visited the big city.
- (adj): hostile, unfriendly
- Even though the children had frown up together, they were INIMICAL to each other at school.
- (adj): harmless
- Some snakes are poisonous, but most species are INNOCUOUS and pose no danger to humans.
- (adj): lacking interest or flavor
- The critic claimed that the painting was INSIPID, containing no interesting qualities at all.
- (adj): uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled
- The professor was INTRANSIGENT on the deadline, insisting that everyone turn the assignment in at the same time.
- (v): to overwhelm; to cover with water
- The tidal wave INUNDATED Atlantis, which was lost beneath the water.
- (adj): easily made angry
- Attila the Hun's IRASCIBLE and violent nature made all who dealt with him fear for their lives.
- (adj): using few words
- She was a LACONIC poet who built her reputation on using words as sparingly as possible.
- (v): to express sorrow; to grieve
- The children continued to LAMENT the death of the goldfish weeks after its demise.
- (v): to give praise; to glorify
- Parades and fireworks were staged to LAUD the success of the rebels.
- (v): to give unsparingly (adj): extremely generous or extravagant
- She LAVISHED the puppy with so many treats that it soon became overweight and spoiled.
- (adj): acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner
- The clerk was so LETHARGIC that, even when the store was slow, he always had a long line in front of him.
- (adj): talkative
- She was naturally LOQUACIOUS, which was a problem in situations in which listening was more important than talking.
- (adj): clear and easily understood
- The explanations were written in a simple and LUCID manner so that students were immediately able to apply what they learned
- (v): to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
- A common way to avoid the draft was by MALINGERING--pretending to be mentally or physically ill so as to avoid being taken by the Army.
- (adj): extremely careful about details
- To find all the clues at the crime scene, the investigators METICULOUSLY examined every inch of the area.
- (n): a person who dislike others
- The character Scrooge in A Christmas Carol is such a MISANTHROPE that even the sign of children singing makes him angry.
- (v): to soften; to lessen
- A judge may MITIGATE a sentence if she decides that a person committed a crime out of need
- (v): to calm or make less severe
- Their argument was so intense that it was difficult to believe any compromise would MOLLIFY them.
- (adj): lack of variation
- The MONOTONY of the sound of the dripping faucet almost drove the research assistant crazy.
- (adj): hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion
- The president was completely OBDURATE on the issue, and no amount of persuasion would change his mind.
- (adj): overly submissive and eager to please
- The OBSEQUIOUS new associate made sure to compliment her supervisor's tie and agree with him on every issue.
- (adj): stubborn, unyielding
- The OBSTINATE child could not be made to eat any good that he disliked
- (v): to prevent; to make unnecessary
- The river was shallow enough to wade across at many points, which OBVIATED the need for a birdge.