memory for specific information. the information may be autobiographical or refer to general knowledge
memory of how to perform tasks. memory that is suggested but no plainly expressed--people do know but don't state clearly.
repeating information until information activation of a memory is easly enough to make without making a huge effort.
the tendency to recall the first and last items in a series
grouping stimuli in a group that is percieved as a discrete piece of information. the average person is comfortable with chunking 7 numbers a clip
tip of the tongue phenomenon
the feeling that information can be stored in memory althought it cannot be readily retrieved.
reflects incomplete or imperfect learning
often retrieve information that is closed to the actual information being sought--sound the same or look the same.
an extension of context-dependent memory
information that is retrieved in the physiological or emotional state in which it was encoded and stored or learned.
we retrieve information when we are moods that are similar to the moods we were experiencing when we learned the information.
easiest memory task
realizing that you have experienced a piece of information before
retrieval or reconstruction of learned material
a measure of information retention
material usually relearned more quickly than it is learned
learningspanish when your in high school may make relearning spanish when you are much older
interference of new learning with the ability to retrieve material learned previously
memorizing the leg bones make make it harder to recall the arm bones. (new info is blocking the old info being recalled)
interference by old learning with the ability to retrieve information learned recently
(old info is blocking new information from being learned)
enhanced efficiency in synaptic transmission that follows brief, rapid stimulation
when you are conditioned to a stimuli, you release more serotonin
in effect, transmission at these synapses becomes more efficient as trials (learning) progress
kinda like your weeding a path over and over again until the path becomes trodden down
hippocampus and memory
does not become mature until we are 2 yrs old. we cant remember things before then because our hippocampuses are not fully developed.
tested himself to see how long he could remember lists.
formulated a forgetting curve
demonstrated that one could study memory scientifically
when we mentally represent information as a picture
representing stimuli in terms of their meaning
mentally representing information as a sequence of sounds
form of visual encoding
the mood youre in affects the type of memories you are best able to recall
i.e bad mood=bad memories