World History: Chapter 8

  1. What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
    To reclaim the Holy Land; Jerusalm
  2. Who wrote the Divine Comedy?
    Dante Alighieri
  3. What document did King John of England sign which, among other things, declared that the monarch must obey the law?
    The Magna Carta
  4. What disease killed nearly one-third of Europe's population beginning at 1347?
    The Black Death
  5. What are the characteristics of gothic architecture?
    • Flying Buttresses
    • Stainglass Windows
  6. Who helped lead the French to victory in the Hundred Years War?
    Joan of Arc
  7. Describe the dispute between Pope Gregory VII and Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV. What issue did this dispute involve?
    Lay Investure: The practice of appointing bishops when not a member of the clergy

    Gregory VII Causes Contraversy: Gregory did not like lay investure.

    Henry Repsonds: Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV liked lay investure.

    Struggle: Pope excommunitcated Henry. Henry apologizes. Henry later gets revenge by forcing Pope into exile.

    50 years later: The Concordat of Worms
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World History: Chapter 8