Cognitive Abilities

  1. Cognitive Abilities
    the capacity to reason, remember, understand, solve problems, and make decisions
  2. intelligence
    those attributes that center around skill at information processing, and problem solving, and adapting to new or changing situations
  3. Stanford Binet
    A test for determining a person's intellgence quotient, or IQ
  4. IQ test
    a test designed to measure intelligence on an objectives, standardized scale
  5. Intelligence quotient
    an index of intelligence that reflects the degree to which a person's score on an intelligence test deviates from the average score of others in the same age group
  6. aptitude test
    a test designed to measure a person's capacity to learn certain things or perform certain tasks
  7. achievement test
    a measure of what a person has accomplished or learned in a particular area
  8. test
    a systematic procedure for observing behavior in a standard situation and describing it with the help pf a numerical scale or a category system
  9. norm
    a description of the frequency at which particular scores occur, allowing scores to be compared statistically
  10. reliability
    the degree to which a test can be repeated with the same results
  11. validity
    the degree to which test scores are interpreted correctly and used appropriately
  12. psychometric approach
    a way of studying intelligence that emphasizes analysis of the product of intelligence, especially scores on intelligence tests
  13. g
    a general intelligence factor that Charles Spearman postulated as accounting for positive correlations between people's scores on all sons of cognitive ability tests
  14. s
    a group of special abilities that charles Spearman saw as accompaanying gernal intellignece (g)
  15. fluid intelligence
    the basic power of reasoning and problem solving
  16. crystallized intelligence
    the specific knowledge gained as a result of applying fluid intelligence
  17. information-processing approach
    an approach to the study of intelligence that focuses on mental operations, such as attention and memory, that underlie intelligent behavior
  18. triarchic theory of intelligence
    Robert Sternberg's theory that describes intelligence as having analytic, creative, and practical dimensions
  19. multiple intelligences
    eight semiindependent kinds of intelligence postulated by Howard Gardner
  20. creativity
    the capacity to produce new, high-quality ideas or products
  21. divergent thinking
    the ability to think along many alternatives paths to generate many different solutions to a problems
  22. convergent thinking
    the ability to apply logic and knowledge to narrow down the number of possible solutions to a problem or perform some other complex cognitive task
  23. metacognition
    the knowledge of what strategies to apply, when to apply them, and how to use them in new situations
Card Set
Cognitive Abilities