Final Sect 1

  1. Expiramental Research Design
    basis of psychological science
  2. Expiramental Design
    • identify the variables of intrest
    • choose data collection methods
  3. Naturalistic Observation
    watching and recording behavior
  4. Bias'
    • Statistical Inference
    • Selection Bias
    • Experimenter Bias
    • Placebo Effect
    • Alternative explanations for the same event
  5. Randomization
    • process of randomly assigning participants among the groups in an experiment so that naturally-occuring variables that may conflict with the outcome of the experiment
    • addresses SELECTION BIAS
  6. Population
    a large group of people who are of interest to the research question
  7. Sample
    subgroup of the population with which one is experimenting
  8. Representative
    study sample should be representative about the population
  9. Generalizabilty
    we want the results to be able to apply to more people than just the people examined
  10. Basic Demographics
    • SES
    • Gender
    • Ethnicity
    • Age
    • etc
  11. Blind/Double Blind
    • participants are unaware of what is actually being tested
    • addresses Experimenter Bias and Placebo Effect
  12. Minimizing/Controlling Bias
    • Randomization
    • Standard Procedures
    • Population
    • Sample
    • Representative
    • Generalizability
    • Basic Demographics
    • Blind/Double Blind Studies
  13. Ethical Issues
    • Informed Consent
    • Deception
    • Physical or Psychological Pain
    • Participants debriefed
    • Confidentiality
  14. Correlational Design
    • positive
    • negative
    • none
  15. systematic relationships
    obtains measure of two or more characteristics from participants and sees whether changes in one variable are accompanied by changes in the other
  16. Positive Correlation
    • as the value of one variable goes up so does the other
    • vice versa
  17. Negative Correlation
    as the value of one goes up the value of the other goes down
  18. No Correlation
    no pattern of systematic relationship is discernable
  19. Case Study
    (Single Case Design)
    • in depth description and analysis of the behaviors of one individual
    • intensive study; good for if phenomena is rare
  20. Data Collection
    • Gathering of Scientific Information
    • Naturalistic Observation
    • Structured Observation
    • Tests
    • Surveys
    • Questionnaires
    • Clinical Interview
  21. Naturalistic Observation
    researcher merely Observe individuals as they behave in there natural settings without interfering
  22. Structured Observation
    bringing individuals into a structured setting, and observing specific behaviors that participants may display in a situation designed by the experimenter
  23. Clinical Interview
    • flexible, open ended questions
    • researcher has opportunity to follow an individual's train of thought
  24. assess changes in behavior as a function of time
    Aim of developmental research is to
  25. Longitudinal Study
    • assess the same participants at various points in time
    • 5 to 10 yrs long
  26. Cross Sectional Study
    children of different ages are studied at the same time
  27. Sequential Study
    groups of children of different ages are followed repeatedly but only for a few years
Card Set
Final Sect 1
General Psychology