Geography Final

  1. What are the two types of location geographers use?
    absolute and relative
  2. An area that has boundaries determined by common characteristic is called a ______ region
  3. Statistical data, such as a census information, help geographers do what?
    It determines which factors in a given situation are most important
  4. How does history help geographers?
    History help geographers dtermine how things looked in the past

    • History helps geographers determine how things looked in the
    • past.

    • History helps geographers determine how things looked in the
    • past.
  5. What divides earth into two distinct hemispheres?
  6. What is ment by the term relative location?
    Location of a place in relation to another
  7. The study of the connections between people and their physical enviornment is what?
    Human-environmental interaction
  8. A functional region focuses on what?
    A central point and all surrounding area or territory linked to it
  9. What is another term for human geography?
    Cultural Geography
  10. What do geographers use political science to learn?
    Political science is how people in different places are governed
  11. Grid systems are used to _______________
    find absolute location
  12. What may occur with immigrants entering a long established society?
    They may transform the society's culture
  13. Land takes up what % of the earth?
  14. What is the highest point on the earth?
    Mt. Everest
  15. Describe the earth's inner core
    Soild and extremely hot
  16. When does accretion,a type of tectonic activety, occur?
    When a sea plate slides slowly under a continental plate
  17. What is erosion?
    The wearing away of the earth's surface
  18. What does the water cycle show us about earth's water supply?
    It moves about but remains constant
  19. What are the four major landforms?
    mountains, hills plateaus, plains
  20. Where is the deepest known depression on Earth?
    Marianna Trench
  21. Which planets are the terrestrial planets?
    Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
  22. Where are asteroids mainly found?
    In a belt in the orbits of Jupiter and Mars
  23. Where are astroids mainly found?
    In a belt in the orbits of Jupiter and Mars
  24. What is the theory of the continental drift?
    All the continents were once joined together in one supercontinent- Pangea
  25. What are faults?
    Cracks in the Earth's crust
  26. What is magma?
    Molten rock within the earth
  27. Physical weathering takes place when large masses of rock are________
    broken into smaller pieces
  28. What are the three layers of the earth?
    Core, mantle, crust
  29. Places located at high latitudes are the earth's _________
    coldest places
  30. Places located at high latitudes are the earth's _______
    coldest places
  31. What is the relationship of elevation and location?
    Upward movements equals coller temperatures
  32. What are the ice ages?
    Periods of time when ice covers much of the earth
  33. what keeps heat from escaping into space?
    The atmosphere
  34. In which months do the equinoxes take place?
    March and September
  35. What deos the tilt of the earth cause?
    That not all places receive the same amount of light at one time
  36. Prevailing winds are winds that blow globally in a fairly constant ___________
    speed and direction
  37. What are the two kinds of tropical climates?
    Tropical Savanna and Tropical Rain Forest
  38. What is the northernmost point on earth to receive the sun's direct rays?
    Tropic of Cancer
  39. Where are the Polar Regions located?
    At the high latitudes
  40. What is the relationship of the earth's atmosphere and elevation?
    The higher you go the thinner the air and the colder it gets
  41. What causes day and night?
    Rotation of the earth
  42. What are renewable resources?
    They can be replaced or reused
  43. What is an embargo?
    A ban on trade with another country
  44. What is subssitence farming?
    Growing only enough food for your own use
  45. What happends if the death rate is higher than the birthrate?
    Population declines (negative) rate
  46. What is a metroplitan area?
    The city and surrounding area that encompasses its population
  47. What age have we entered at the end of the twentieth centure?
    Information Age
  48. What is a tariff?
    A tax imposed on imported goods
  49. What is a monarchy?
    Queen or King
  50. What are cultural hearths?
    Earlt centers of civilization near water ways or rivers
  51. Why is it critical for countries to trade with on another?
    Natural resources are unevenly distributed among countries
  52. A strictly controlled economy that has government controls is called___________
    command economy
  53. What are commercial farmers ?
    Farmers whor aise crops to sell
  54. What things define a culture?
    Language, religion, government, social groups, jobs, or economic activities
  55. What are some things that change culture?
    Immigration, trade, war, catastrophic events
  56. What is an ethnic group?
    People who have a common language, religion, and place of orgin
  57. What are the Grand Banks and where are they?
    A fishing region in Canada and the northeast coast
  58. California, Oregon< and Washington State share this kind of climate?
    Marine West Coast
  59. How were the Pacific Ranges formed ?
    From the collsion of tectonic plates
  60. No trees grow in cold climates aboe the ________
  61. What mountain range runs the eastern coast of the U.S.?
    Appalachian Mountains
  62. What formed the Great Lakes?
    Glacier movement
  63. What kind of climate do we find in Hawaii?
  64. Where is the fall line?
    High Piedmont drops to the lower Atlantic Coastal Plain
  65. What does a tornado develop out of?
    From a super cell
  66. What mountain areas are included in the Pacific Ranges?
    Sierra Nevada, Cascade, Mt. - part of Alaska Range, Coast Range
  67. Where are the heaviest areas of population in Canada?
    Along th U.S.- Canadian border
  68. Canada unites territories and provinces under one what?
  69. What was the name of a serie of safe houses that assisted people escape slavery?
    Underground Railroad
  70. What are some common elements of the United States and Canada in regards to government?
    Conctitution, Supreme Court, Cabinets, ect.
  71. North American economies are based on what type industry?
    Service (high-tech)
  72. What name is applied to our system of trade where individuals can operate and profit from buisness without lots of restrictions?
    Free Market
  73. What are the biggest contributors to water pollution in N. America?
    Acid rain, industrial wastes, and run-off from agriculture and chemical industry
  74. Who are Canada's greatest trading partners?
    The U.S. and Mexico
  75. In 2001 the U.S. had a terrorist scare concerning the safety of the mail, what was the problem?
  76. What does clear cutting cause?
    Flooding and soil erosion
  77. What does the U.S. export the most?
    Beef, grains
  78. What countries are included in NAFTA?
    Canada, Mexico, and the U.S.
  79. What has helped N. Ameria manufacturing become competitive with world markets?
    COmputer automation and robotics
  80. What does the U.S. give other poorer countries in exchange for raw materials?
    Technology and economic aid in the form of $$$ in unsecured loans
  81. What are prices based on in a market economy?
    Supply and Demand
  82. What mountains form the western edge of South America?
  83. Parallel mountains are called what?
  84. What does Latin America include?
    Central or Middle America, South America, and Caribean regions
  85. Where is the driest place on earth?
    Atacama Desert
  86. What does the pampas consis of?
  87. What is th Mato Grosso Plateau part of?
  88. What rich deposits ar found around Lake Maracaibo?
  89. Where is Patagonia?
    Plateau region in Southern Argentina
  90. What describes a steppe climate?
    Coll winters, hot summers, slight amounts of rain
  91. What lake is the world's highest navigable lake?
    Lake Titicaca
  92. Where do three rivers join in an estuary that empties into the Atlantic Ocean?
    Rio de la Plata
  93. What is an example of the rian shadow effect?
    The Atacama Desert
  94. What are mosaics and murals?
    Forms of artwork usually adorning walls and buildings
  95. What is the best known festival in Latin America?
  96. What is the blending of beliefs and practices from different religions called?
  97. What is quipu?
    A set of knotted cords used for keeping records
  98. Who was Simon Bolivar?
    Revolutionary leader of Venezuela who lead many countries of South America toward independence
  99. What was the first latin American country to gian its independence?
  100. What wa the "food of the Gods" ?
  101. What are minifundias?
    Farms that are small, producing only enough for the family
  102. What is avalability of computers in Latin America?
    Expensive with limited availability
  103. What are maquiladoras?
    Corporations that are using low cost labor usually of foreign origin
  104. What is latifundia?
    Large agricultral farms and estates owned by families or corperations
  105. What has led to rapid clearing of tropical rain forests?
    Road building, mining, and new settlements
  106. Service industries, such as banking, communications, or retail sales have increased in Latin America during recent_____
  107. Few Latin Americans have _______ in their own homes
  108. The term reforestation refers to planting new trees where forest lands have been __________________
    stripped and burned
  109. When ranchers plant grass on burned forest lands, what happends?
    Dries up within four years
  110. Physical geography, political instability, and ties to more developed regions have limited what in Latin america?
    Industrial growth
  111. Many rural migrants in Latin America are forced to live in what when they arrive in the city?
  112. Latin American governments use satellite imagining to help forcast what?
    Forcasting hurricanes
  113. NAFTA reduced trade restrictions among which countries?
    USA, Mexico, Canada
  114. What is the biggest challenge to LAtin America today?
    Distributing goods and services more efficiently
  115. Hurricane Mitch destroyed about what % of the bananas crop in Honduras ?
    90% of the banana crop in Honduras
  116. To finance industrial development, many countries have had to borrow funds from what sources?
    Foreign sources
  117. In 2000 San Paulo ranked where in relation to world's largest city?
  118. Mexico City's pollution can be so bad that children are not allowed to do what?
    Play outside ( equivalent of smoking 2 packs of cigarettes a day, a times , not always)
  119. Every culture creates a social system by organizing its memebers into what?
    Organizing its memebers into smaller groups
  120. In a unitary system of government key powers are held by whom?
    National government
  121. What two major powers have aided the development of complex social systems?
    Trade and increased wealth
  122. An absoulute monarch is one who has what kind of power over the people?
    Has unlimited rule of the people
  123. Today's farmers are not as tightly bound by geography and climate as they were in the past because of advances in what?
  124. Today's farmers ar not as tightly bound by geography and climate as they were in the past because of advances in what?
    Farming technology
  125. Candians and Americans enjoy sophisticated systems of what ?
    transportaion, comunication, and education
  126. Carbon Monoxide emissions from cars and factories combine with water vapor to create what?
    Acid rain
  127. In which North American country is health care a problem for many people?
    The USA
Card Set
Geography Final