Geography - Exam 5

  1. Maosim
    rely on peasants, not just industrial labor
  2. "Great Leap Forward"
    • –Forced “mobilization” into communes
    • –Each shared in communes output
    • –Replaced talent with Communist party members
    • –Famine kills millions
  3. What did the Cultural Revolution do to China?
    Purged China of old thoughts, culture, and custom
  4. What was the focus after the Cultural Revolution (China)?
    • Modernization
    • New legal code, decentralization in some areas, rule of law
  5. In Modern China, what increases?
    • Trade power
    • Standard of living
    • Nuclear power - ("pointed" @Taiwan and North Korea)
  6. What is causing a population decline in China?
    One child policy
  7. Capital of Japan?
  8. Which country is 84% Shinto and Buddhist?
  9. What caused the change from courtly rule to military rule in Japan?
    • Warrior Japan
    • fuedal lords hired warriors
  10. What dominated Japan through 1570s as samurai and shoguns rule?
  11. Capital of China?
  12. Chinese govt?
  13. Chinese religion?
    officially athiest, but Taoism and 3 person church exists
  14. What social cohesion is very practical, realistic, and ethical in China is based on a man from history?
  15. What are the 4 qualities of Confucianism?
    • Li
    • Te
    • Wen
    • Jen
  16. Te?
    vitrue, moral, courage
  17. Wen?
    Arts of peace
  18. Jen?
    Benevolence, internal, love and forgiveness
  19. Li?
    ceremony, civility, respect tradition
  20. Define Tao:
    governing principle of life, cycles & order
  21. Taoism:
    find own nature, non-action, simplicity
  22. Which dynasty adopted Tao as the defining principle?
  23. Silk Road?
    China was the only one with silk worms & created trade throughout East Asia
  24. Which dynasty restored learning after Qin disaster?
  25. Which dynasty helped Chinese reading and writing "take off?"
  26. Which dynasty unified China?
    Qin (chin)
  27. Which was about TRADE and exposed China's lack of modern technology?
    Opium Wars
  28. Boxer Rebellion? (essay question)
    The uprising took place in response to foreign "spheres of influence" in China, with grievances ranging from opium traders, political invasion, economic manipulation, to missionary evangelism. Violent rebellion against Western Influence and many Christian missionaries were killed and led to the Chinese National Movement.
  29. Sphere of Influence?
    conceptual division over which a state or organization has significant cultural, economic, military or political influence.
  30. What ended the Q-ing Dynasty?
    Boxer Rebellion
  31. Result of Boxer Rebellion?
    • Christian missionaries dead
    • Chinese National Movement
  32. What was the Boxer Rebellion against?
    *Western Influence*
  33. Overseas Chinese?
    Can refer narrowly to Han Chinese; people of Chinese birth or descent who live outside the Greater China Area
  34. Special Economic Zones?
    China gives special economic policies to these zones and flexible gov't measure which allows them to utilize an economic management system that is conductive to doing business that doesn't exist in mainland China
  35. Chinese Nat'l movement?
    Modern nation-state
  36. National Chinese identity?
    See themselves as Han
  37. Who won nationalists vs. communists?
    • Communists in 1949
    • Nationalists fled to Taiwan
  38. When did Samurai age end?
    12th cent but still has large influence today
  39. Samurai code/Bushido ideals?
    Loyalty, hierarchy, Bravery, self control, shame
  40. In Zen Buddhism, what is sought?
    enlightenment, peace, self-discipline, "here and now" living, and "life is how it is"
  41. Pre-WW2, what was the state religion of Japan?
  42. What religion embraces "The Way of the Gods," is a form of aminism, and used to unify Japan after modernization?
  43. 2 parts of Koreas peninsula?
    North and South
  44. South or North Korea is Communist?
  45. Capital of South Korea?
  46. Capital of North Korea?
  47. South or North Korea is economic tiger, modern democracy, and state capitalism?
  48. South or North Korea is Kim Jong Il; Pyongyang and North Korea’s problems, “Juche?”
  49. What is "Juche?"
    self-reliance and very secretive
  50. Capital of Australia?
  51. Aboriginal issues in Australia?
    • Forced assimilation
    • “Civil rights” movement in 1970s resulting in some land reform and increased autonomy.
    • Similar to our Indian reservations
  52. Ayers Rock is also known as?
    The Outback
  53. Capital of New Zealand?
  54. As of 1970, what is the language of New Zealand?
  55. Maori rituals are included in what goverments rituals?
  56. Confucious? (essay question)
    China’s most influential philosopher and teacher whose ideas dominated Chinese life for over 20 centuries. He believed the state should not exists for the power and pleasure of the elite; it should be a cooperative system for the well-being and happiness of the people. After his death, the Confucian Classics, 13 texts that he did not write, became the basis for education and guide for morality, law, and religion in China for 2000 years. In 1949, the communists took over and abandoned the Classics.
  57. Meiji Restoration? (good essay question)
    was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868. The Restoration led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure. Japan became modernized and looked to Britain to guidance, becoming more Western. From Edo period to Meiji period.
  58. Tokugawa Shogunate?
    Edo (city; now called Tokyo) period led by the Tokugawa family. The Tokugawa shogunate ruled from Edo Castle until 1868, when it was abolished during the Meiji Restoration
  59. Largest mountain in Japan?
    Mt. Fuji
  60. Where's the Gobi desert?
  61. Leader of North Korea?
    Kim Jong II
  62. Capital of North Korea?
  63. Capital of South Korea?
  64. Economic tiger?
    the economy of a country which undergoes rapid economic growth, leading to an increase in the standard of living
  65. Modern democracy and state capitalism is in North or South Korea?
  66. Capital of Taiwan?
    Taipei (China made it the capital)
  67. America views where as Government of China?
  68. Taiwan and China's past? (essay question)
    Communist uprising, civil war, Russian and Americans sided with nationalists, but communists won. Nationalists fled to Taiwan. China doesn't recognize Taiwan as a country but rest of world does (communists vs. nationalists)
  69. Aboriginese population issues?
    They are Australia's indigenous people. Make up about 2% of Australia's population. they comprise 500–600 distinct groups, strong spiritual beliefs that tie them to the land; a tribal culture of storytelling and art (similar to US native americans). FORCED ASSIMILATION led to them becoming economically marginalized and were exposed to NEW DISEASES. The consequence was massive depopulation and extinction for some aboriginal tribes.
  70. China/Japan ocean issues? (essay topic)
    • East China Sea: A landmark/area in the sea near offshore China that China and Japan are fighting over control and claim because it is located near to both countries.
    • Each country claims Diaoyu/Senkaku islands as their territory. China started drilling oil and Japan felt they didn't have a right and vice versa for China because there is such confusion as to who has claim and ownership of that area of ocean.
Card Set
Geography - Exam 5
East Asia