Origins Final Exam

  1. Carolingian Renaissance
    Happened during the rule of Charlemagne, a period of rebirth in the arts, as well as of reformation.
  2. Feudalism
    Land based wealth ststem, usually resulted in the construction of a hierarchy.
  3. Hierarchy
    A system that places people in classes - of which there are many-, the highest being God, and the lowest the serf.
  4. Monasticism
    The idealogy and prctice of going into God's services in a monestary, very respected.
  5. Crusades
    Wars fought to gain back the holy land, a horrible idea, as many hundreds of thousands died, Epitomized and glorified in The Song Of Roland.
  6. Pilgrimage
    The trip people went on, mainly in the spring, in order to pay their respects and hopefull achieve salvation.
  7. Chivalric Code
    A code, of the commonly thought of knight, stresses honor above most else. Causes people to seem respectful, and also can bring great shame.
  8. Great Chain of Being
    A giant hierarchy of the world, starting with God, working down the angels and then saints and pope, and continuing all the way to non-human things such as animals and then inanimate objects.
  9. Basilica
    A rectangular structure that included an apse at one or both ends; originally a Roman building used for public purposes, later taken over by the Christians for worship. The floor plan became the basis for neraly all other early Catholic churches.
  10. Cathedral
    The church of a bishop that houses in a cathedral, or throne symbolizing the seat of power in his administrative district, known as a diocese.
  11. Vernacular
    The common language, differing from place to place, but was simply something other than Latin.
  12. Laisse
    Part of a poem style known as chansons de geste, not of equal line length, overall segment length, or constant rhyme.
  13. Lai
    A short lyric or narrative poem meant to be sung to the accompaniment of an instrument such as a harp; based on Celtic legends but usually set in feudal times and focused on courtly love themes, especially adulterous passion. The oldest surviving ones are from Marie de France
  14. Chanson de geste
    A poem of great deeds in the epic form developed in France during the eleventh century, usually to be sung.
  15. Ora et labora
    "Prayer and Work" - The difficult parts of a monk's life.
  16. Opus Dei
  17. Caroline minuscule
    Writing style developed, and put in to wide effect, during the rule of Charlemagne. Has capital letters, with the rest being small. Very well organized, and was actually thought to be how the Romans wrote until it was discovered otherwise by scholars.
  18. Vassal
    The servant of a Liege lord.
  19. Liege Lord
    Ruler of a fief, and holder of vassals, and usually a vassal himself of someone higher.
  20. Romanesque
    Architecture that mimics Roman building styles, with thick walls, little windows, and low lying buildings of stone and wood.
  21. Gothic
    The style that succeeded the Romanesque, with three new features: Pointed arches (Something from middle eastern architecture), ribbed vaults (Which offer open ceiling space and also lots of strength), and Flying buttresses (Which were weight sinks for the building). Chartres was the first to bring all three together.
  22. Bay
    A four cornered unit of architectural space, often used to identify a section of the nave in a Romanesque or Gothic church.
  23. Typanum
    A decorated segment, usually in arch form, above the entrances to the church
  24. Ribbed Vault
    A place where two or more barrel vaults join together, has a decorative looking X where the ribs come together.
  25. Pier
    In architecture, a vertical support structure that may support a vault, an arch, or a roof; in Gothic churches piers were ofter clustered to form massive supports.
  26. Rose Windows
    A large circular window, made of stain glass, which is held together by lead pieces and stones in set patterns called tracery, and is located over the entrance of a Gothic cathedral.
  27. Lancet Windows
    Tall narrow window with a pointed arch at the top. Looks like a lance.
  28. Flying Buttresses
    The weight sinks of many Gothic structures, they connect to the ribbed vaults and transfer the weight down.
  29. Choir
    The part of a Gothic church in which the service was sung by singer located in the east end beyond the transept; also the group of trained singers who sat in the choir area.
  30. Nave
    Central area of the church, flanked by aisles and goes until the apse.
  31. Narthex
    The porch or vestibule of a church, usually enclosed, through which worshipers walk through before walking through the nave.
  32. Illuminated manuscipts
    Miniatures included about the readings, very detailed, usually include much red in the painting.
  33. Black Death
    The bubonic plague, killed off the population of Europe in many waves 1347-51. Did leave some cities and areas untouched.
  34. Great Schism
    Time when there was multiple popes (1377-1415), solved by the council of Constance.
  35. 100 Years War
    War that essentially spanned 100 years, non-consecutive years. Between France and England.
  36. Courtly love
    Midieval concept of nobly and chivalorously expressing adulterous love. "a love at once illicit and morally elevating, passionate and disciplined, humiliating and exalting, human and transcendent"
  37. Innocent III
    Exerted much control in all afairs, and started the fourth crusade.
  38. Charlemagne
    King who started the renaissance, and made a very large change in the european society. Huge man, but he did not have a deep voice.
  39. Einhard
    Scholar and cortier of Charlemagne and Louie the Pious. Most famous work is the Vita Karoli Magni, a biography of Charlemagne.
  40. Boethius
  41. Bede (called the Venerable)
  42. St. Benedict
  43. Bernard of Clairvaux
  44. Mohammed, The Prophet
  45. Petrarch
  46. Boccaccio
  47. Dante
  48. Chaucer
  49. Marie de France
  50. Friars
  51. Cluniac Monks
  52. Limbourg Brothers
  53. Giotto
  54. Jan van Eyck
  55. Hans Memling
  56. St. Foy at Conques: Tympanum
  57. St. Foy at Conques: Facade
  58. St. Foy at Conques: Floorplan
  59. Ste.-Marie-Madeline at Vezelay: Tympanum
  60. Ste.-Marie-Madeline at Vezelay: Facade
  61. Ste.-Marie-Madeline at Vezelay: Floorplan
  62. Notre Dane de Chartes: Tympanum
  63. Notre Dane de Chartes: Facade
  64. Notre Dane de Chartes: Floorplan
  65. Tres Riches Heures du Duc De Berry
  66. Giotto's Madonna Enthroned
Card Set
Origins Final Exam
List of Final Exam Terms