Functional Group Properties.txt

  1. Aldehyde and Ketones
    -Aldehydes and ketones contain a polar carbonyl group that can participate in dipole-dipole interactions.

    -These interactions give them higher boiling points than ethers and alkanes of similar mass, but lower boiling points than alcohols of similar mass, since alcohols can hydrogen-bond.

    -Furthermore, water can hydrogen-bond with the carbonyl group in aldehydes and ketones, which gives them limited solubility depending on the number of carbon atoms.
  2. Alcohols and Ethers
    -An alcohol is an organic compound with a hydroxyl function group, -OH. Ethanol, CH3CH2OH, is an example.

    -An ether is an organic compound with an oxygen atom in the carbon chain. Dimethyl ether, CH3OCH3, is an example.

    -The physical properties of a compound, such as boiling point and water solubility, depend on the types of intermolecular forces of attraction, such as hydrogen bonding, that can occur among like molecules or with a solvent.
  3. List in order of priority, least to greatest:

    a. Ketone, Aldehyde, Amine, Alcohol, Carboxylic Acid

    b. Aldehyde, Amine, Ketone, Carboxylic Acid, Alcohol

    c. Amine, Alcohol, Ketone, Aldehyde, Carboxylic Acid

    d. Amine, Alcohol, Carboxylic Acid, Ketone, Aldehyde
    Low priorityImage Upload 1 <Image Upload 2 < Image Upload 3 < Image Upload 4<Image Upload 5 High priority

    c. Amine, Alcohol, Ketone, Aldehyde, Carboxylic Acid

    In general, increasing priority follows the increase in oxidation.
Card Set
Functional Group Properties.txt
The properties of all functional groups in Organic Chemistry 306