When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called ---------
--------- is the most definitive diagnosis that clearly shows the presence of plague in the vessels
This is a wire mesh tube used to prop open an artery that's
recently been cleared using angioplasty.
using another artery grafted from another part of the body
and make detour around the blockage.
Coronary Artery Bypass
Explain to patient that he may experience side effects such as hallucinations i.e. hearing voices or seeing strange object that are not there. This is due to-----
post perfusion psychosis
Chest pain resulting from myocardial ischemia caused by inadequate blood and oxygen supply to the wall of the heart.
ANGINA (angina pectoris)
The chest pain occurs with activities that involve
exertion or emotional stress and is relieved
with rest or nitroglycerin
- Stable angina (exertional
)- the chest pain occurs unexpectedly it does not follow physical
exertion or emotional stress.
- Unstable angina(pre-infarction
It usually occurs spontaneously, and unlike
typical angina, it nearly always occurs when a person is at rest.
- Variant angina (Prinzmetal's
- or vasospastic angina)
incapacitating angina that is
unresponsive to interventions
heart attack) is the death of a portion of heart muscle in an area where there
is sudden loss of blood supply.
this is a
combination of pericardits, periocardial effusion and pleural effusion
Place the client in ------- position to
enhance comfort and tissue oxygenation
----------, is a condition in which the
heart can't pump enough blood to the body.
-----The heart is unable to pump blood out of right ventricle into the lungs. Thereby leading to accumulation of blood in the heart.
Right-sided heart failure
-----------will lead to back flow of blood into the lungs and
poor ejection of blood into the system
left sided heart failure
-----is congestion of the lung with fluid.
dyspnea will be more
pronounce in the night called --------
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.
Place the client in
-------- with the legs in a
------- to reduce pulmonary congestion
hence reduce edema, cough and difficulty
high Fowler's position, dependent position