1. CNS Stimulants effects
    • Speeds up the central nervous system.
    • - heart rate accelerates
    • - blood pressure rises
    • - motor activity increases
    • - adrenaline increases
    • - good feeling, excited
    • - mild state of stress
  2. What is caffeinism?
    Chronic intoxication or poisiong
  3. What are Xanthines?
    Alkaloid that occurs in kola plants.
  4. Caffeine
    • Made of Xanthines
    • -Diuretic- speeds up urine production
    • -Vasoconstriction of blood vessels- narrowing of blood vessels
    • -Withdrawal headaches (mood changes, anxiety, poor sleep
  5. Types of Amphetamines (Stimulant)
    • All end with drine.
    • Benzedrine, Dexedrine, Methedrine, and Methamphetamine
  6. What are the different types of Methamphetamine?
    Meth-crystal, Crank, and Speed.
  7. What schedule are Amphetamines? and what are the medical uses?
    Schedule II Drug

    • Treat depression, control narcolepsy symptoms, control ADHD, and to prevent sleep in active duty environments.
    • ex. Benzedrine and Dexedrine
  8. Stereotypy
    Non-purposeful repetitious, compulsive, behavior
  9. Formication
    Hallucinations of things such as bugs, insects, or people that are not real
  10. What is ice? how long does it last? what does it cause?
    • Smokeable ice-looking form of methamphetamine.
    • Can last 7-20 hours.
    • Causes extreme psychosis, paranoia, deep depression, and convulsions during overdose.
  11. LSD
    • Schedule I drug
    • Tasteless, odorless, and colorless.
    • Causes euphoria and visual hallucinations
    • Causes Synethesia- blending of the senses.
  12. LSD Phases
    • First Phase- release of tension and feel good, 2 hours.
    • Second Phase- distortion, hallucination and delusions
    • Third Phase- time distortion of past, present and future
    • *most powerful synthetic hallucinogen
  13. LSD Complications
    • -Panic (can't turn drug off)
    • -Flashbacks and perception disorder later on
    • -Accidental Death from strange behaviors
    • -Psychosis severe mental health problem
    • *Psychological first aid- keep person calm, watch then, provide help if needed.
  14. Mescaline is from...
    • The Peyote Cactus
    • -creates visual distortions
  15. Psilocybin is from...
    • A mexican mushroom.
    • creates visual hallucinations for 4-5 hours
    • Schedule I drug
  16. DMT
    • "Cohoba"
    • Very short acting hallucinogen
  17. MDMA (Ecstacy)
    • 1985 it was classified as a Schedule I Drug (illegal)
    • Drug Classification: Hallucinogenic Amphetamine
    • Causes extreme release of serotonin and possible damage to neurons..

    • Problems with Abuse;
    • Dehydration, Increased Body Temperature (Hyperthermia), Seizures
  18. Phencyclidine (PCP) "Angel Dust"
    • Is a Dissociative Anesthetic (makes you insensitive to pain)
    • Schedule I Drug
    • Effects;
    • Stimulant effect then zombie like effect
    • Nystagmus (jiggling of eyeballs)
    • Depersonalization
    • Causes extreme disorientation, feeling of invicibility, and gives a high pain threshold
  19. Types of Marijuanna and its strength
    • Bhang- weak
    • Gangja- poor quality
    • Charas- best quality
  20. What is the active ingredient in marijuana?
    THC (Tetrahydocannabinol)
  21. Marijuana
    • Fat soluble- can stay in system for weeks
    • Often causes Amotivational syndrome
    • Effects on Body;
    • impaired memory, increases heart rate, dialates blood vessels, chronic bronchial irritation, precancerous changes of lungs, reduces testosterone levels and sperm count
    • Medical uses;
    • Glaucoma treatment
    • Controls nausea from cancer treatment
    • Stimulates appetite (Cancer and Aids)
    • Testing;
    • urine, blood, hair samples
  22. Anabolic Steroids
    Building up of testosterone
  23. Androgenic
    producing male characteristics
  24. Nicotine
    Causes Cardiovascular disease from the constriction of blood vessels.
  25. Benzopyrenes (tar)
    Carcinogen causing lung cancer
  26. Carbon Minoxide
    Reduces blood cell ability to carry oxygen
  27. COLD
    Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
  28. Emphesyema
    Destroys the elasticity of air sacs
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