found in the neck, chest, and abdomen that can increase the forces of inhalation and exhalation in patients in respitory distress
toward the front of the body
muscular blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
occuring on both sides
thin-walled vessel that exchange of nutrients and waste products occurs between blood and tissue fluid through diffusion
cessation of a functional heartbeat
situated at, or near the center
Diastolic blood pressure
blood pressure measured during the relaxation phase (diastole) of the heart. The pressure at which the sounds heard through a stethoscope disappear or significantly diminish.
farther away from the body
Toward the back (or ventral) surface
Flap of cartilage that covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the lungs.
hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that increases sympathetic activity throughout the body. Effects include increase in heart rate, force of contraction, bronchodialation, and rate of breathing; increased blood flow to skeletal muscles with decreased flow to other organs. and increased blood glucose. Also called adrenaline.
Straightening of a joint
The thighbone, largest bone of the body.
Bending of a joint
Decreased blood flow through an organ, as in shock. Prolonged periods of hypoperfusion can lead to permanent dysfunction or death.
towards the feet
hormone produced by the pancreas; necessary for glucose metabolism.
towards the side of the body
Toward the midline of the body
imaginary line on the body that extends from the armpit down through the lower chest wall.
imaginary line on the body that extends from the middle section of the clavicle down through the lower chest wall.
imaginary line that divides the body into right and left halves.
fluid passing through an organ or part of the body. The surrounding and bathing of a tissue or cell with blood or the fluid part of blood.
away from the center of the body
Structures toward the rear of the body.
Lying facedown or on the ventral or anterior surface of the body.
Closer to the trunk
results from failure of the circulatory system to perfuse and oxygenate the vital organs of the body adequately.
toward the head
when person is lying on his or her back
Systolic blood pressure
blood pressure measured during the contraction (systole) of the heart, noted by the first sound heard through a stethoscope when blood pressure is obtained.
Volume of air inspired and expired during one breath. Normal tidal volume is at rest for an adult about 500mL
hollow tube with several horseshoe shaped rings on the surface that support and provide structure for this portion of the airway. Also called "windpipe".