Hist Test 2 Part 7

  1. The Korea war ended
    · in a stalemate during Eisenhower’s term;
  2. John Foster Dulles was Eisenhower’s secretary of state and opted for
    containment, not for rollback for communism. If America was to rollback on communism, they believed that a world war 3 would start, so they stayed away from it;
  3. after WW2, Harry Truman, had envisioned one world, which
    · America had hoped to create a new world order based on Western terms from democracy and diplomacy. This did not succeed, but it was a vision for Truman; he expressed it at the San Francisco Conference in June of 1945.
  4. With the cold war, the world broke apart in two parts,
    · with communism on one side and the western vision on the other side;
  5. Harry Truman stated a bi-polar world
    in his doctrine
  6. After the Korean war, Truman wanted this bi-polar world now instead of one world together;
    • · he believed that America were the leaders of the world, which left the Soviets and communist’s on the other side
    • and he said they have no supreme being. During the 1950’s, the term the 3rd world came up; this meant there were countries that were not aligned with America and were also not aligned with the Soviets. This included countries that wanted to stay outside of the Cold War and wanted to stay independent.
  7. Eisenhower would drastically cut defense expenditures that had been adopted during the war
    between 1953-55, he cut the budget by 20%.
  8. they wanted to focus more on
    · bigger weapons like atomic weapons and would get more bang for the buck; this would be cheaper and instead of using large armies, they could use large weapons instead. Simply having less soldiers and making bigger weapons was the goal;
  9. they also wanted to use culvert operations using the ___ which started in
    CIA, 1947.
  10. President Truman started a new national security agency in 1942,
    · called the NSA; it was a code making and code breaking agency. If they could break the codes of other countries, then you could know what they were planning; also code making was a big part of their jobs as well.
  11. The NSA started reading other people’s
    · mail, including private America’s mail; this also included them tapping into your phone line when calling Europe or other countries
  12. One more agency was made in October which made the
    · defense intelligence agency; they wanted to compete with the NSA. The CIA was taking overlapping tasks which included targeting China and the Soviet Union and making sure they did not expand their power; also using pro-capitalism which designed to safe guard American investments overseas.
  13. The CIA was looking at
    · Iran and Guatemala and doing operations there;
  14. John Foster Dulles and his brother worked at
    · law firms and worked with United Fruit. They began to work with the American Ambassador in Guatemala City to help out the newly elected president;
  15. Guatemalans then had a military invasion
    · on Honduras on June 18th 1954.
  16. The American Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge stated they had nothing to do with
    · this and the American CIA started to help the Guatemalans with ammunition and giving them planes.
  17. Castille Armas came into power and used a dictatorship
    · in Guatemala and gave land back to previous owners of their country. He would be assassinated 3 years later, but a dictatorship stayed in the country;
  18. Dwight Eisenhower realized the CIA had played a crucial role
    in this war but still stated he had no idea about it. The events played by the CIA showed that they could pretty much do anything with the 3rd world; this was in the direction of economic assets and protecting it.
  19. Eisenhower faced some other major problems
    including Hungry and Nikita Khrushchev, who became the new leader of the Soviets after Joseph Stalin died.
  20. He was the general secretary of their party;
    · in 1956 Khrushchev criticized Stalin and the communist party and some saw this as a better opportunity and a little more national freedom.
  21. In the Hungarian Revolution,
    · in October 1956, a new government came to power and questioned the Warsaw pact from 1955;
  22. Khrushchev wanted to crack down on this and
    · in November 1956, he sent Russian tanks into Budapest and to put this revolt down. Eisenhower realized he could do nothing to help the Hungarians that were against the communist party; Dulles was calling for rollback and for liberation and that was happening in Hungary.
  23. The Suez Crisis of
    · 1956 was also happening; this involved Gamal Abdel Nasser who was the new leader of Egypt and wanted to work with the Soviet Union. He wanted to build the Azwan Dam on the Nile that would create a source of energy to help their country out;
  24. Eisenhower wanted to help fund
    • · this dam and then Nasser extended diplomatic relations with the diplomatic of China, which turned Eisenhower away
    • because they wanted nothing to do with China and their communist party. The British and the French owned the Suez Canal and did not appreciate everyone else looking at it.
Card Set
Hist Test 2 Part 7