Chapter 17-19 APUSH

  1. John Tyler
    (Whig) completely attached to principle; annexed Texas
  2. Winfield Scott
    best known for taking Mexico City for the United States
  3. Zachary Taylor
    presidency for two years
  4. James K. Polk
    "The Spot Resolutions"
  5. David Wilmot
    Wilmot Proviso - no slavery could exist in any land bought in the Mexico Cession
  6. Joint resolution
    a joint majority votes on a subject in both houses (specifically in these chapters to annex Texas)
  7. Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    the treaty that ended the Aroostook War (ended the brawl between Maine and Canada)
  8. Tariff of 1842
    brings tax of imported foods into about 25%
  9. Bear Flag Revolt/Republic
    John Fremont led the revolt in California
  10. John Slidell
    sent to Mexico by President Polk to buy California
  11. Nicholas P. Triste
    responsible for writing the Treaty of Guadulape-Hidalgo which ends the Mexican War.
  12. Stephen W. Kearny
    taking of Santa Fe
  13. Manifest Destiny
    "ordained by God: to move as far as west as possible - John Sullivan
  14. conscious whigs
    against slavery
  15. Aroostook War
    a fight over the boundary of Canada and the United States
  16. Free Soil Party
    This party was organized by antislavery men in the north in 1848. It advocated no expansion of slavery into the territories and the passsage of the Wilmot Proviso. To be more broad-based, they were in favor of federal aid for internal improvements and free government homesteads for settlers.
  17. Sutter's Mill, California
    Gold was discovered here in 1848
  18. Underground Railroad
    This consisted of an informal chain of "stations", cellars, clearings in the woods, church attics, etc. through which hundreds of "passengers" were led by conductors to freedom in the north (Canada).
  19. Seventh of March Speech
    Daniel Webster called for compromise and concession to the series of issues Henry Clay wrote bills on. This urging resulted in many of the North agreeing to compromise
  20. The Parts of the Compromise of 1850
    • Concessions to the North
    • - California admitted as a free state
    • - Territory disputed by Texas/ New Mexico
    • - Abolition of the slave trade (but not owning slaves) in D.C.
    • Concessions to the South
    • - The remainder of the Mexican Cession area to be formed in territories of New Mexico and Utah without restriction on slavery
    • - Texas to receive $10 million from the federal government as compensation
    • - A more stringent fugitive-slave law going beyond that of 1793
  21. William Walker
    In 1856, he set himself up as the president of Nicaragua and set up what was to be another slave state in the United States
  22. Matthew Perry
    In 1854, he opened Japan to trade with the United States
  23. Ostend Manifesto
    This document urged the US government to offer Spain cash fir Cuba, but if they turned us down for the US to take Cuba by force
  24. Gasden Purchase
    This small strip of land in the southwest was bought from Mexico to build a southern-route transcontinental railroad
  25. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    This act of Congress, introduced by Stephen Douglas, repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened the Kansas and Nebraska territories to popular sovereignty
  26. "Fire Eaters"
    These southerners were so adamant about the expansion of slavery everywhere in the US they were given this burning nickname. They would not compromise on the issue
  27. Harriet Beecher Stowe
    writer of Uncle Tom's Cabin and sister of Catherine Beecher, her book changed people's opinions of slavery
  28. John Brown
    abolitionist of slavery from Massachusetts, he led a slave revolt into Harper's Ferry, VA and was captured by General Robert E. Lee (also led the massacre at Pottawatomie Creek)
  29. Jefferson Davis
    became President of the confederacy when the southern states succeeded from the union
  30. Uncle Tom's Cabin
    written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852, it was a fictional depiction of a male slave which helped shaped the thoughts of people who thought nothing of slavery
  31. Hinton R. Helper
    wrote The Impending Crisis of the South in 1857 which revolved around the idea that the poor white southerners were affected(by not having any sources of labor bevaise plantation owners had free labor)
  32. Dred Scott
    first slave to ever sue in federal court (unsuccessfully), court ruled that he was no citizen (seven to two judges) and he had not rights to sue for his freedom (for he had been living in Wisconsin/Illinois territory
  33. Abraham Lincoln
    won election of 1860, won only be electoral vote; the popular votes he took was about 25% of the total, south did not approve and began to secede from the Union
  34. Pottawatomie Creek Massacre
    led by John Brown, he took about four of his sons and three other people and killed about five sleeping people and tore them to pieces.
  35. Dred Scott Decision
    The Supreme Court declared in a ruling of seven judges to two that Dred Scott was not a citizen, he was a slave, and therefore could not exercise rights that a citizen would have; also said that it was unconstitutional for the court to determine where slavery could be in the country (because of the idea of popular sovereignty)
  36. Lincoln- Douglas Debates
    a series of debates occured between "honest abe" and Stephen A. Douglas when they were running for the seat of senate for illinois. Lincoln did not win, but became known which set him up for the election of 1860
  37. Harpers Ferry Raid
    John Brown led an uprising in Harpers Ferry in which he almost started a slave revolt, but failed because he was captured
  38. John C. Beckinridge
    leader of the Democratic convention in Baltimore, he favored extension of slavery into territories and annexation of Cuba
  39. Panic of 1857
    not so bad economically as the Panic of 1837, but psychollogically it was probably the worst of the 19th century (Overspeculation of the economy again)
  40. Charles Sumner
    almost beaten to death by Preston Brooks about speaking out against slavery
  41. Roger Taney
    cheif justice of supreme court during the Dred Scott case
  42. John Bell
    southern candidate of the election of 1860
  43. Lecompton Constitution
    declared that you could keep your slaves despite the slave trade being abolished
  44. Know-Nothing Party
    first deals out with anti-immigration
  45. James Buchanan
    Democratic president in1856 (did not really do anything)
  46. John Crittenden/ Crittenden Compromise
    a ploy that tried to prevent seccession of the South but Abraham Lincoln quickly vetoed it.
  47. Freeport Doctrine
    speech that Douglas gave about popular sovereignty saying it would always rule
Card Set
Chapter 17-19 APUSH
Events/ People in these chapters