1. What was the purpose of bank holidays?
    Bank Holidays are days that the law requires banks to be closed. They are observed so that gov't office employees have a day off.
  2. What was the purpose of the New Deal?
    The Second New Deal focused on long-term maintenance whereas the original New Deal's purpose was short-term economic relief.
  3. What were Roosevelt's fireside chats?
    3 general goals: relief for the needy, economic recovery, and financial reform. Fireside chats were over the radio to the people.
  4. Why did Congress create the Securities and Exchange Commission?
    U.S. SEC was established to protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation.
  5. Why did Congress create the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation?
  6. What did the Agricultural Adjustment Administration do?
    Regulation of agriculture was deemed a state power.
  7. What was the purpose of the Home Owner's Loan Corporatoin?
    to refinance home mortgages currently in default to prevent foreclosure.
  8. What was the Civilian Conservation Corps?
    The CCC was a New Deal program by Roosevelt during the depression to employ young men and conserve natural resources.
  9. How did Roosevelt pay for his reform programs?
    Theodore Roosevelt shepherded the New Deal with brought the US out of the Great Depression.
  10. What was the purpose of the American Liberty League?
    It was a pro-business think-tank and ultra-right wing lobby group. They were behind the plot to oust FDR.
  11. What was the relationship between Roosevelt and Huey Long and Father Coughlin?
  12. What did the Wagner Act accomplish?
    guaranteed the right of self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain etc
  13. Who did the Social Security Act intend to help?
    The Social Security Act encompass several social welfare and social insurance programs. Signed into law by Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  14. Why was Roosevelt's court-packing plan considered his first serious politcal mistake.
    Franklin Roosevelt's court packing bill was seen as Roosevelt going too far to push his agenda & his public support weakened.
  15. What did Roosevelt's programs succeed in creating?
    conditions of peace
  16. Who did Hitler blame for Germany's defeat in WWI?
    Hitler and the Nazi Party blamed Jews and the Communist Party for World War One and for anything else they could think of.
  17. Why were many American's isolationist?
    During the 20's and 30's, many Americans believed that the sacrifices they made in World War I had been a waste of money and men.
  18. What did the Neautrality Act of 1935 make illegal?
    It provided for the prohibition of the export of arms, ammunition, and implements of war to belligerent countries.
  19. What is isolationism?
    Isolationism-a policy of national isolation by abstention from alliances and other international political and economic relations.
  20. What are the characteristics of Fascism?
    Two characters of Fascism would be Powerful and Continuing Nationalism and Disdain for the Recognition of Human Rights...
  21. Which country did Japan invade in 1937 in order to attain more natural resources?
    The Japanese invaded China in the Fall of 1937. This caused US President Roosevelt to ramp up some military programs.
  22. Which country did Hitler annex first?
    Hitler's first major invasion was to the country of Poland in Fall of 1939.
  23. Why did Hitler struggle to annex Czechoslovakia?
    Hitler wanted to expand Germany, Czechoslovakia was stepping stones in his plans for New World Order.
  24. What is the rationale for appeasement?
    The term appeasement is commonly understood to refer to a diplomatic policy aimed at avoiding war by making concessions to another power.
  25. What was the action that prompted England and France to declare war on Germany?
    The German(Blitzkrieg)invasion of Poland on Sep 1, 1939
  26. What was Maginot Line?
    a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border
  27. When did Winston Churchill proclaimed that the British would "never surrender."?
  28. What happened to the elderly, disabled person, weak women, and young children in Nazi controlled territories?
  29. How was the Neutrality Act emended in 1939?
    the 1939 neutrality act was nicknamed the Phoney war.
  30. What was the purpose of the destroyers0for-bases deal?
  31. What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act?
    The Lend Lease bill gave the president broad powers to sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend or otherwise dispose etc
  32. What was the main idea behind the hemispheric defense zone?
    Immediately after the Munich crisis of September 1938, the United States moved toward a new national policy of hemisphere defense.
  33. Which groups were persecuted by the Nazis?
    Groups persecutd by Nazi:Jews,Gypsies,Social Democrats,Jehovah's Witnesses,homosexuals,habitual criminals,anti-socials,mentaly ill
  34. Appeasement
    accepting demands in order to avoid conflict.
  35. Binding abitration
    process whereby a neutral party hears arguments from two opposing sides and makes a decision that both must accept.
  36. Blitzkrieg
    name given to sudden violent offensice attacks the Germans used during World War II "lightining war"
  37. Broker State
    role of the government to work out conflicts among competing interest groups.
  38. Fascism
    a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition.
  39. Great Britain
  40. Internationalism
    a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity.
  41. Japan
  42. United States
  43. USSR
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