clinical Methods Definitions Test 3

  1. Baseline
    • Pretreatment measure of behavior; rate of response in the absence of planned intervention. 4 steps in baselining:
    • Behavior is specified
    • Appropriate stimuli selection
    • Response Record prep
    • Trials are administered
  2. Probe
    Procedures to assess generalized production of responses
  3. Shaping
    Gradual modification of a behavior as reinforcement follows variations that progressively approximate a final form of the behavior
  4. Stimulus Discrimination
    Stimulus that has been often present when a response has been reinforced and comes to influence the likelihood of that response occurring
  5. Stimulus Generalization
    Behavioral process in which old responses occur to new stimuli
  6. Instructions
    Verbal stimuli/information that exerts stimulus control over the target response; describes what is expected in a task or how to produce a given response.
  7. Prompt (vs. Cue)
    Signal/primary stimuli given by the clinician to respond to a stimulus/task; typically verbal (e.g., "Tell me about this picture") but might take the form of a gesture or a nod. Most responses require this to evoke a response.
  8. Stimulus Control
  9. Leveling
    • Adjustment of various treatment factors to “fine tune” the learning experience of the client throughout treatment.
    • Establishment--creating
    • Stabilization--automatic
    • Transfer/Maintenance--Spontaneous/natural conversation
  10. Modeling
    Provided by clinicians to present the entire response that the client is to imitate. Models might be oral-auditory (e.g., phonemes in isolation or in syllables), verbal (e.g., words, phrases, sentences), or gestural (e.g., articulatory movements, sign language).
  11. Imitation
    Relatively mimmediate reproduction of a significant portion of someone's preceding behavior
  12. Fading
Card Set
clinical Methods Definitions Test 3
Clinical Methods Definitions Test 3