18.1 equine industry glossary

  1. 3-day eventing
    three activities (dressage, cross-country, jumping) completed in 1 to 3 days
  2. 30-day heat
    estrus that occurs approximately 30 days after foaling
  3. aged
    a mature horse of either sex, usually after 4 or 5 years of age
  4. arena
    large enclosed area used for exhibitions or exercise (indoor or outdoor)
  5. bagging up
    swelling of the mammary glands or udder before foaling
  6. beat
    step, as in a gait; the frequency at which one or two feet strike the ground simultaneously
  7. bike
    sulky or cart, typically pulled by harness racing horses (standardbreds)
  8. bit
    the part of the bridle that goes in the horse's mouth
  9. blemish
    scar, irregularity, or unsightly defect that does not interfere with serviceablility
  10. book
    number of mares listed or signed for a breeding season to a particular stallion
  11. box stall
    enclosure in a stable or barn where the horse can move freely without being tied in one place
  12. bridle
    the part of the horse's tack that is placed on its head for riding or driving
  13. broodmare
    mare used primarily for reproductive purposes
  14. buccal
    cheek side of the teeth (opposite of lingual)
  15. canter
    a three-beat gait similar to but restrained and slower than the gallop
  16. cast
    trapped or caught in a recumbent position and unable to rise
  17. chestnut
    horny growths on the medial aspect of the leg, above the knee on the front leg and below the hock on the rear
  18. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    asthmalike disease commonly called heaves
  19. Coggins test
    federally recognized serum test for equine infectious anemia
  20. cold blooded
    large breeds of horses that usually have slower physiological functions than light breeds
  21. colic
    abdominal pain
  22. coliseum
    large arena used for exhibition
  23. colt
    the term for a young male horse; sometimes used for a newborn of either sex
  24. competitive riding
    a form of racing in which the horses must complete a specified distance in a specified time
  25. competition
    a purpose or activity accomplished for award, prizes or money
  26. cooling out
    the act of walking to cool down an exercised horse
  27. corral
    area used for holding, exercising, or enclosing horses (paddock)
  28. dam
    the mare or mother animal of a young horse
  29. draft
    large breed usually over 17 hands, also a body type such as draft pony or draft mule
  30. dressage
    classic form of horse training
  31. driving
    controlling a horse or horses that are harnessed to various carts, wagons or carriages
  32. Eastern or Western encephalomyelitis
    life-threatening, virus-caused brain and spinal cord infection often called sleeping sickness
  33. electrolyte
    the body's salts or minerals such as sodium, calcium, chlorine, and potassium
  34. endorphin
    the body's own natural chemical analgesics
  35. endurance racing
    racing over distances usually greater than 40 miles
  36. English
    a form of riding using a light saddle an apparel with origins in England
  37. Eohippus
    ancestral horse more accurately called Hyracotherium
  38. equestrian
    a horse rider
  39. equestrian event
    horse-related activity
  40. equine
    species name for the horse
  41. equine infectious anemai
    life-threatening viral anemia, sometimes called swamp fever
  42. equine practitioners
    veterinarians whose practice is limited primarily to the horse
  43. equine viral arteritis
    virus-caused vascular inflammation with multisystemic clinical signs
  44. equitation
    equine competitive events that are judged primarily on the rider's abilities
  45. Equus asinus
    genus and species of donkeys
  46. Equus caballus
    genus and species of horses
  47. Equus zebra
    genus and species of zebras
  48. ergot
    small horny mass on the palmar or plantar surface of the fetlock
  49. farrier
    a person who has been trained to trim hooves and make horseshoes, commonly called a blacksmith, smithy, or horseshoer
  50. far side
    right side of the horse, the side not usually used for leading the horse or mounting into the saddle
  51. field
    participants in a racing or competitive event
  52. filly
    a young female horse
  53. flat race
    race in which the horse is ridden by a jockey over a specified distance
  54. floating
    filing or removing the points on the teeth
  55. foal
    newborn horse of either sex
  56. foal heat
    first estrus after foaling, usually in 7 to 12 days after foaling
  57. foaling
    the act of parturition or giving birth for horses
  58. founder
    common term for chronic laminitis
  59. frog
    soft portion of the underside of the hoof
  60. gait
    the speed and sequence of moving the feet
  61. gallop
    the fastest of the three basic gaits, a four-beat gait
  62. gelding
    a castrated horse
  63. get
    progeny, offspring
  64. gymkhana
    equestrian events emphasizing speed, action, and activity; games on horseback
  65. halter
    the basic headgear used for restraint, also used in confirmation competition classes
  66. hands
    a means of measuring height of horses; one hand equals 4 inches
  67. harness
    equipment used to attach a horse or horses to carts, wagons, sulkies, or sleighs
  68. heave line
    increased abdominal musculatures associated with the extra effortof expiration in horses with heaves or COPD
  69. heaves
    common name for chronic obstructivepulmonary disease (COPD), an asthmalike, chronic respiratory condition
  70. hindgut
    collective term for the cecum and small and large colon
  71. hinny
    sterile hybrid offspring of a female donkey (jenny) and a male horse (stallion)
  72. hot blooded
    group of horses with faster physiological functions than others
  73. hyperthermia
    elevated body temperature
  74. hypsodont
    tooth type characterized by long crowns and progressive eruption
  75. Hyracotherium
    ancestral horse (formerly called Eohippus)
  76. influenza
    common virus-caused respiratory disease
  77. jack
    a male donkey
  78. jenny
    a female donkey
  79. jog
    a slow trot
  80. lameness
    alteration in gait or sride or inability to bear weight on a limb
  81. laminae
    fingers of tissue that attach the hoof to the underlying structures of the foot
  82. laminitis
    inflammation of the laminae in the foot
  83. lather
    an accumulation of sweat on the horse's body
  84. lead
    the starting or leading foot in the three- or four-beat gaits (canter or gallop)
  85. lead shank
    a strap, rope, or chain attached to the halter and used to lead the horse
  86. light
    breeds of horses intermediate in size and stature, usually more than 14.2 hands
  87. lingual
    tongue side of the teeth (opposite of buccal)
  88. maiden
    a mate that has not had a foal, or a race horse of either sex that has not won a race
  89. mare
    a mature female horse
  90. miniature
    breeds of horses; small breeds usually less than 8.2 hands
  91. mule
    hybrid cross between a male donkey (jack) and female horse (mare)
  92. natural cover
    normal mating, as opposed to artificial insemination
  93. near side
    left side of the horse, usually the side from which the horse is led or mounted
  94. pace
    medium-fast, two-beat lateral gait
  95. paddock
    area used for holding, exercising, or enclosing horses (corral)
  96. parimutuel
    betting system in which the total amount bet (less taxes) is divided between winners proportionally to the size of their bets
  97. pavilion
    large arena used for exhibition
  98. performance
    indicator of success in competitions, as in riding or driving
  99. pleasure
    riding or driving of horses for enjoyment
  100. polo
    an equestrian sport that originated in Persia, probably the most ancient goal game
  101. pony
    small breed of horses usually between 8.2 and 14.2 hands, a horse for a child
  102. Potomac horse fever
    fever and diarrheal disease with bacterial origin
  103. progeny
    offspring, get
  104. proud flesh
    excessive or exuberant scar tissue that sometimes forms, expecially on limbs
  105. quadruped
    an animal that walks on four legs
  106. rabies
    fatal virus-caused neurologic disease
  107. rhinopneumonitis
    herpesvirus-caused respiratory disease or abortion
  108. rodeo
    exhibition of cowboy skills
  109. running walk
    a faster variation of the four-beat gait exhibited by some breeds
  110. seasonally polyestrous
    having many heat cycles during a certain season of the year
  111. settled
    pregnant or in foal
  112. shedrow
    barn or groups of barn where horses are stabled at the racetrack
  113. sire
    the stallion or father of a young horse
  114. slip stall
    a stall in which the horse is tied in place and cannot move about (standing or tie stall)
  115. stallion
    a mature male horse; sometimes called a stud, especially used for breeding
  116. stand at stud
    a stallion being used primarily for breeding is said to to stand at stud
  117. standing stall
    a stall in which the horse is tied in place and cannot move about (slip or tie stall)
  118. steeplechasing
    a form of distance racing in which horses are jumped over a series of obstacles
  119. stock saddle
    type of saddle with a high front (pommel) and high rear (cantle) that is used for riding (Western style)
  120. strike
    movement quickly and cranially with a front leg of the horse as a means of defense or aggression
  121. Stongyles (bloodworms)
    the most health-threatening family of internal parasites of the horse
  122. suckling
    a foal of either sex that is still nursing or sucking milk from its dam
  123. sulky
    cart or bike, typically pulled by harness racing horses (standardbreds)
  124. suspension
    period of time when none of the feet are in contact with the ground
  125. tack
    equipment used in riding or driving horses
  126. teaser
    horse used to determine which mares are in estrus (heat)
  127. teasing
    act of determining which mares are in estrus (heat)
  128. tetanus
    bacteria-caused neurologic disease leading to muscle rigidity; often called lockjaw
  129. thrush
    bacterial infection of the frog in the hoof
  130. tie stall
    a stall in which the horse is tied in place and cannot move about (standing or slip stall)
  131. trot
    medium-fast, two-beat diagonal gait
  132. turf
    grass or sod used for flat racing
  133. twitch
    means of restraint in horses, often by using a device twisted on the upper lip or muzzle
  134. unsoundness
    defects or lameness causing a horse to be unserviceable or unsuitable
  135. warm blooded
    group of horses exhibiting some characteristics of both cold and hot blooded horses
  136. waxing
    accumulation of colostrum on the nipples of a mare, usually before foaling
  137. weanling
    a young horse of either sex that has been weaned or separated from its dam
  138. Western
    a form of riding using a stock saddle and apparel with origins in the western United States
  139. withers
    base of the neck
  140. wolf tooth
    the first upper premolar tooth
  141. yearling
    a young horse of either sex that is 1 year old or officially 1 year old after January 1
Card Set
18.1 equine industry glossary
18.1 equine industry glossary