Med terms- Ch 13

  1. albumin/o
  2. bacteri/o
  3. cyst/o, vesic/o
    bladder or sac
  4. dips/o
  5. glomerul/o
    glomerulus (small ball)
  6. gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o
    glucose (sugar)
  7. ket/o, keton/o
    ketone bodies
  8. lith/o
  9. meat/o
    meatus (openings)
  10. nephr/o, ren/o
  11. pyel/o
    renal pelvis (basin)
  12. py/o
  13. ureter/o
  14. urethr/o
  15. ur/o, urin/o
  16. kidneys
    two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that filter blood and secrete impurities, forming urine
  17. cortex
    outer part of kidney (cortex = bark)
  18. hilum
    indented opening in the kidney where vessels enter and leave
  19. medulla
    inner part of the kidney
  20. calices or calyces
    ducts that carry urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis (kalyx = cup of a flower)
  21. nephron
    microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each of which is capable of forming urine
  22. glomerulus
    small, ball-shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron
  23. bowman capsule
    top part of the nephron that encloses the glomerulus
  24. renal tubule
    stem portion of the nephron
  25. ureter
    tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
  26. renal pelvis
    basin-like portion of the ureter within the kidney
  27. ureteropelvic junction
    point of connection between the renal pelvis and the ureter
  28. urinary bladder
    sac that holds the urine
  29. urethra
    single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body
  30. urethral meatus
    opening in the urethra to the outside of the body
  31. urine
    fluid produced by the kidneys, containing water and waste products
  32. urea
    waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys and excreted in urine
  33. creatinine
    waste product of muscle metabolism, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and extreted in urine
Card Set
Med terms- Ch 13
med terms