Pbio Test Three

  1. 1) The United Nations estimates that the first time that half of the world's population lived in urban cities was in

  2. 2) Expected to double within a few decades, the current population of the world's slums is now

  3. 1) Kumri Orifova has a university degree and once worked as a __________ at a factory run by the Soviet Union.

  4. After she and her sisters were able to launch a small scale sewing business, 4 years ago she joined with others to purchase a ____________ factory.
  5. What handicap did the workers at this factory have?
    They were blind
  6. What organization gave Kumri and her sister $600 loans that allowed them to buy 3 new sewing machines?

  7. At the start, Hans Rosling says his students saw the world as We and Them. What did they mean by "We" and "Them"? What things define the difference for his students? be specific.
    We is Western World and Them is Third World. Western world means long life and small family. Third world is short life and large family.
  8. On the graph of population growth, while the x (horizontal) axis has number-of-children-per-woman, the Y axis is what? What is being displayed there?
    Life expectency at birth.
  9. What specific country does he focus on when he wants to point out the since the early 1960s many countries have made the transition from large families and low life expectancy to smaller families and life expectancy equal to that of the US in 1974? (what country is compared to the US)
  10. According to this piece, what percentage of stuff we buy is in the landfill 6 months after we purchase it? ___% . (yeah, that seems ridiculously high.. but consider that they may be including food shopping.. rather than simply "consumables")
  11. there are two retail strategies to encourage us to buy more material goods. They are _____________ obsolescence and _____________ obsolescence. FYI, obsolescence is defined as something like "too old to be useful"
    planned and perceived
  12. What is the message portrayed in the writing on the TV in the segment depicting the "treadmill" of working, watching TV and shopping? "You _______"
  13. Other than biocontrol, what other major treatment is used to manage Melaleuca in Florida?
    Melaluca Leaf Weevil
  14. When it comes to controlling Melaleuca, what does the "Brontosaurus" do?

  15. In this story about the World Food Program, in what country did they nearly suspend food distribution?
  16. How many aid workers were killed in the incident that caused the WFP to protest and threaten to end aid distribution? That is, how many recently, that got this story to appear?
  17. 1) Why was 143 million pounds of ground beef recalled and thrown away?

  18. In 2007, there were 21 beef recalls nationwide for possible E. coli contamination, the most in ______ years.

  19. What are the two organisms that together account for over 2 million cases of foodborne illness each year?

  20. Beef recalls related to _________ contamination jumped 150 fold from 2006 to 2007.

  21. The World Food Program is the world's largest non-governmental food aid program. And as you know, this often means importing subsidized food into other regional food markets. Recently they have initiated a specific program called P4P. what does that stand for?
    Purchase the Progress
  22. In supporting small scale, local farmers, this program is helping families. In addition to buying food, do they also work building handling and food storage facilities?
  23. there are three "pillars" that the organization is pursuing, i, ii, and iii. What are they?
    Demand, Supply, Learning & Sharing
  24. You should know; In Afghanistan P4P and the WFP is contracting with four farm organizations to purchase millet to make locally grown, nutritious food-aid biscuits.
  25. What is "in kind" food aid?
    Answer "when then aid has to be in the form of food.. crops... not cash to buy food locally"
  26. What percentage of US food aid must be spent on US grown food, and shipped by US companies?

  27. Madre, IATP and other organizations are advocating for food aid to come from______ ________________________ to the population in crisis.
    locations closest
  28. The money made selling U.S. food aid is used as income for _____s. This is called monetizing food aid.
  29. Richard Lee told Greenpeace " “We prefer _____ _________ as they offer us greater flexibility - ------ we can purchase locally, enjoy greater flexibility and also speed things up,
    cash donations
  30. The opening of this article about land rights describes farmers being told they don't legally own the land they have been living on for generations, that it is actually owned by Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, the (currently) leader of ________ , in norther Africa. (fill in the country name)
  31. this quote is from _________ _____ “The food security of the country concerned must be first and foremost in everybody’s mind,”

  32. In Mali, 3 million acres along the Niger river are being offered to investors to operate and develop into conventional farming operations. As with many of the deals, the money Mali might earn from the leases remains murky. The agreement signed with the Libyans grants them the land for at least ___ years simply in exchange for developing it. (from page 2)

  33. Some others are called P2P lending institutions what does that stand for?
    Peer to peer
  34. What well known banana company has been certified by the Rainforest Alliance as being more environmentally responsible?

  35. What was the name of the city that was the center of the United Fruit Company headquarters in Guatemala?
  36. In 1954, how did the CIA convince the people and government of Guatemala that there was a major force invading the capital city?
    Jammed their radio stations, put propaganda on the airwaves, and bombed specific parts of Guatemala.
  37. The 36 year civil war in Guatemala, in fact an effort by the people to regain their democracy, ended in what year?

  38. Allen Dulles, head of the CIA during the CIA led coup in Guatemala, had what connection to United Fruit Company?

Card Set
Pbio Test Three