Lesson 5

  1. etruscans
    They were important to the culture of Rome. Rome got alot of their ideas and beliefs from them. Also Rome owes alot to Greece as well. They developed the Gods that Rome took as a their belief as well. Romans learned the use of arms and armor from them. Etruscans made up a large portion of the Roman population.
  2. paterfamilias
    father of the family. The king of rome was the ultimate paterfamilias
  3. punic wars
    a series of wars between Rome and Carthage. They were in effect a struggle for the meditteranean area. in the beginning carthage had sea power and rome had land power.
  4. julius caesar
    part of the triumvirate with Crassus and pompey.
  5. octavian aka augustus
  6. roman republic
  7. legacies of Rome
    Rome owes their arts and philosophy to the culture of Greece. Originality emerged for the Romans in the areas of government and law, architecture and engineering especially in their aquaducts. Romans also considered a greek education a "finishing school"
  8. aspects of Roman religion
    the romans adopted the greek hierarchy of the gods, but renamed them. Jupiter for zeus, juno for hera etc. However, the Romans held on to an aspect of their original religon in their fondness and attention to signs an omens. The romans were accepting of other religious systems and plural religious practices. There was one requirement of all roman citizens: to worship the emporer as a divine being. Christians and jews refused and at times suffered prosecution
  9. Cicero's 4 philosophical terms
    temperance, justice, fortitude, wisdom
  10. apathea
    Controllings one's feelings or passions was paramount for stoics. The word they used for this is apathea.
  11. epicureanism
    The latin poet Lucretius popularized the ideas of Athenian materialism by proposing epicureanism as an antidote to uncertainty and religious superstition.
Card Set
Lesson 5
Rome and Two Romans: Cicero and Seneca