Psych 16-20

  1. Emotion-
    Four components. First, interpret or appraise some stimulus in terms of your well-being. Seconnd, you experience a subjective feeling. Third, you have physiological reponses. Fourth, smiling or crying.
  2. 3 categories of emotion
  3. Cognitive Appraisal Theory
    says that your interpretation or appraisal or thought of a situation, object, or event can contribute to your experiencing different emotional states.
  4. Amygdala
    monitors and evaluates whether stimuli have positive or negative emotional significance for our well-being.
  5. Universal signs of Happiness
    are smiles and laughter
  6. Social Smile
  7. Yerkes- Dodson Law
    says that performance on a tast is an interaction between the level of physiological arousal and the diffuculty of the task.
  8. Adaption Level theory
    says that we quickly become accustomed to recieving some good fortune. We take things for granted, as a result, the initial impact of our good fortune fades and contributes less to our long term level of happiness.
  9. Reactive Attachment Disorder
    psychiatric illness characterized by serious problems in emotional attachments to others begining before age 5. Children may resist affection from parents.
  10. Prodigy
    A child who shows a highly unusual talent, ability, or genius at a very early age and does not have mental retardation.
  11. Stages of Pregnancy
    Germinal Stage, Embryonic Stage, and Fetal Stage
  12. Down Syndrome
    results form an extra 21st chromosome and causes abnormal physical traits and abnormal brain development.
  13. Amniocentesis
    They insert a long needle into the abdominal into the amniotic fluid. They do this to test for disorders.
  14. Caffeine and Pregnancy
    are at a higher risk of having an underweight baby.
  15. Cocaine and Pregnancy
    have infants with low birth weight, poor feeding habits, and risks for developing other psychological problems.
  16. Fetal Alcohole Syndrome
    Mother drinks heavily while pregnant, in the first 12 weeks.Results in flattened nose, short eye openings.
  17. Visual abilities in infants
    6 months, infants have developed depth perception.
  18. Hearing in infants
    one month old have very keen hearing and can discriminate small sound vibrations. by 6 months, infants have developed the ability to make all sounds that are necessary to learn a language.
  19. Proximodistal
    states that parts closer to the center of the infant's body develop before parts farther away.
  20. Cephalocaudal
    states that parts of the body closer to the head develop before parts closer to the feet.
  21. Conservation
    refers to the fact that even though the shape of some object or substance is changed, the total amount remains the same.
  22. piaget's cognitive stages
    sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, and formal. each stage is better than the previous beause it involves new reasoning and thinking abilities.
  23. imaginary audience
    the belief adolescents have that everyone is watching all of their actions.
  24. personal fable
    refers to an adoloscent's belief that he or she is invulnerable, unique and special
  25. Erikson's Stages
    8 psycgosocial stages. stage1-early infancy. stage 2-one to 3 years. stage 3-three to five years. stage 4- five to twelve years. stage 5- adolescence
  26. gender role
    stereotypical behaviors, attitudes, and traits that society expects us to have because we are male or female.
  27. puberty
    become more flirty and sexual
  28. estrogen
    stimulates the development of both primary and secondary sexual characteristics, such as pubic hair and breasts.
  29. late maturing boys
    Boys mature slower than girls
  30. Types of parenting
  31. Processing speed
    is the rate at which we encode info into long-term memory or recall and retrieve info from long term memory
  32. self esteem
    how much we like ourselves and how much we value our self-worth
  33. Personality
    combination oflong lasting thoughts, motives, and emotions that typify how we react and adapt to other people and situations.
  34. Conscious thoughts
    are wishes, desires, or thoughts that we are aware of, or can recall at any moment.
  35. free associations
    clients are encourgaed to talk about any thoughts or images that enter their head.
  36. freud and dreams
    dreams contain hidden meanings and symbols that provide clues to unconscious thoughts and desires.
  37. ID
    two biological drives, sex and aggression. that are the source of all psychic or mental energy. The goal is to pursue pleasure.
  38. Ego
    develops from the id during enfancy. Goal is to find safe and socially acceptable ways of satidfying the id's desires.
  39. superego
    superego's goal is to apply the moral values and standards of one's parents or caregives and society in satisfying one's wishes.
  40. Self actualization
    fullfillment of one's unique human potential.
  41. Real self
    is based on our actual experiences and represents how we really see ourselves.
  42. Social cognitive theory
    importance of learning through observation, imitation, in the development of social skills.
  43. Freud's 5 stages.
    Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital Stage.
  44. Social Development
    how a person develops a sense of self. develops the kinds of sical skills important in personal interactions.
  45. Locus of control
    refers to our beliefs about how much control we have over situations or rewards. Internal- WE DO. External- DO NOT.
  46. Anxiety
    uncomfortable feeling that results from inner conflicts between primitive desires of the id and the moral goals of the superego.
  47. How did Maslow develop his idea of self actualization?
    After studying the lives of highly productive and exceptional people. He believed that these individuals had been able to reach the goal of self actualization because they developed certain characteristics.
  48. Bandura and Social Cognitive Theory
    assumes that personality development and change are influenced by four dinstinctively human cognitive processes: highly developed language ability, observational learning, purposeful behavior, and self-analysis.
  49. Freud and Early Childhood
    He believed when boys found out they had a penis, they became attracted to their mothers.When girls find out that they do not, they have a hatred for their mother and love their father, and may go through life feeling inferior to men.
Card Set
Psych 16-20
psych 16-20