Rhetorical Terms

  1. Abstract
    • refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images
    • ( ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people, things )
  2. Ad Hominem
    in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than than on the opponent's ideas
  3. Allegory
    an extended narrative in prose or verse in which characters, events, and settings represent abstract qualities and in which the writer intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface of the story
  4. Alliteration
    repetition of consonant sounds at the beggining of words that are close to one another
  5. Allusion
    a reference to a well-known person, place, or thing from literature, history, etc
  6. Analogy
    • Comparison of two similar but different things, usually to clarify an action or a relationship such as comparing the work of a heart to that of a pump
    • a comparison to a directly parallel case
  7. Anaphora
    repetition of a word, phrse, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent
  8. Anecdote
    a short, simple narrative of an incident, often used for humorous effect or to make a point
  9. Annotation
    Explanatory notes added to a text to explain, cite sources, or give bibliographical data
  10. Antithesis
    the presentation of two contrasting images, ideas balanced by word, phrase, clause, or paragraphs
  11. Aphorism
    a short, often witty statement of a principle or truth about life
  12. Apostrophe
    the device of calling out o an imaginary, dead, or absent person or to a place, thing, or personified abstraction
  13. Argumentation
    writing that attempts to prove the validity of a point of view or an idea by presenting reasoned arguments,
  14. Assonance
    repitetion of vowel souds between different consonants
  15. Asyndeton
    commas used with no conjunction to seperate a series of words
  16. cacophony
    • harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds deliberately in poetry or prose
    • opposite of euphony
  17. caricature
    descriptive writing that greatly exaggerates a specific feature of a person's appearance or a faced of a personality
  18. Colloquialism
    a word or phrase including slang, used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is oftern inappropiate in formal writing
  19. Coherence
    quality of a piece of writing in which all the parts contribute to the developement of the central idea, theme, or organizing principle
  20. Concrete Language
    language that describes specific, observable things, people, or places rather than ideas or qualities
  21. Connotation
    implied or suggested meaning of a word because of its association in the reader's mind
  22. Consonance
    repetition of identical consonant sounds withing two or more words in close proximity
  23. Conundrum
    a riddle whose answer is or involves a pun, may also be a paradox or difficult problem
  24. Deduction
    the process of moving from a general rule to a specific example
  25. Denotation
    literal meaning of a word as defined
  26. description
    the picturing in words of something or someone through detailed observation of color, motion, sound, taste, smell, and touch
  27. Diction
    word choice, and element of style, creates tone, attitude, and style as well as meaning
  28. Didatic
    writing whose purpose is to instruct or to teach, usually formal and focuses on morals and ethical concerns
  29. Discourse
    spoken or written language, including literary works
  30. DIssonance
    harsh or grating words sounds that do not go together
  31. Dramatic Irony
    when the reader is aware of an inconsistency between fictional or nonfictional character's perception of a situation and the truth of that situation
  32. Emotional Appeal
    when the writer's appeals to readers' emotions ( often through pathos ) to excite and involve them in the argument
  33. Epigraph
    the use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme
  34. Ethical Appeal
    when the writer tries to persuade the audience to respect and believe him or her based on a presentation of image of self through the text
  35. Euphemism
    a more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropiate or uncomfortable
  36. Euphony
    a succession of harmonious sounds used in poetry or prose
  37. Example
    an individual instance taken to be representative of a general pattern
  38. Explication
    the art of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text
  39. Exposition
    the immediate revelation to the audience of the setting and other background information necessary for understanding the plot
  40. Extended Metaphor
    a sustained comparison, oftern referred to as a conceit
Card Set
Rhetorical Terms
terms for Shannnon