What is shock?
Shock is the result of hypoperfusion to the cells of the body that causes organs and then organ systems to fail.
Three causes of basic shock
1. Pump failure
2. Decreased blood volume
3. The blood vessels can dilate excessivley
4 types of shock
3 noncardiovascular causes of shock
Expect shock in what type of conditions
Multiple severe fractures
Abdominal or chest injury
A severe infection
A major heart attack
What shock is the result of a thermal burn
3 signs and symptoms of decompensating shock
Falling blood pressure <90mm Systolic
Labored or irregular breathing
Ashen, mottled, or cyanotic skin
Thready or absent peripheral pulses
Dull eyes, dilated pupils
Poor urinary output
General consideration for treating shock
1. Supine / ABC
2. Control external bleeding
3.Splint broken bone or joints
4. high flow oxygen / keep warm
5. Elevate the legs 12"
Why do we have to becareful in giving nitro to a pt in cardiogenic shock
Dilates the blood vessels
Fainting is what type of shock
Is decreased BP is it a early sign of shock?
How much blood does an infant or child have to lose before their blood pressure drops
More than half