1. Ashikaga Takauji
    general (part of a military family) of Go-Daigo from 1304-58 who took advantage of this and occupied the capital and imprisoned the ruler. In 1338 the reigning emperor of the Northern Court appointed him the shogun
  2. Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
    in his lifetime the Ashikaga reached its peak; he became shogun at age nine; the Chinese recognized him as king of Japan because he managed to restrain the "wako" or pirates who would pillage towns and through this trade was opened again between the two countries
  3. Ashikaga Yoshimasa
    part of the Ashikaga military family who became a brilliant patron of the arts but was certainly no soldier; He left the war that was ready to be waged by men; he retained enough prestige to prevent the Ashikaga house from being destroyed but not enough power to keep peace in the land
  4. Ashikaga Yoshinori
    the eclipse of the Ashikaga regime can be dated from the violent death of the shogun Yoshinori in 1441; he had shown himself to be a forceful fighter
  5. Muso Soseki
    Fourteenth century Zen monk who had a successful career as an advisor to rulers; gave them spiritual and temporal counsel. Zen monks served as foreign affairs advisors; Muso was an accomplished practitioner when it came to garden design
  6. Hojo Takatoki
    the last Hojo regent (1303-33) who did a poor job and ruled against the background of discontent
  7. Godaigo
    bakafu acquried a furtive but persistent opponent to Takatoki; ascended the thone in 1318 and his first task was to concentrate his own hands on whatever shreds of power remained in the imperial house. His second task was to overthrow the bakafu itselfbut he was successfully attacked by the Hojo and found himself in exile on the Oki Islands
  8. Goasaga
    became emperor to Japan despite a succession dispute when the last emperor died suddenly
  9. Nitta Yoshisada
    part of an important warrior family that ceased to suppor the bakufu; Nitta Yoshisada destroyed the last Hojo regent adn all his important kinsmen
  10. Kusunoki Masashige
    14th century samurai who fought for emperor Go-Daigo in his attempt to wrest rulership of Japan away from the Kamakura shogunate; ideal of samurai royalty
  11. Kitabatake Chikafusa
    wrote Chronicles of Gods and Sovereigns defending the legitimacy of Go-Daigo
  12. Francis Xavier
    missionary monk who devoted many of his missions to work in Asia appointed by King John III of Portugal
  13. Oda Nobunaga
    one of three men who would try to unify Japan; after a century of widespread turbulence, Nobunaga compelled fellow daiymo to submit their politcal control, taking care to link their fortunes with the name of the emperor; marked the end of the era of a country at war
  14. Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    worked with Oda Nobunaga to unify the country of Japan
  15. Toyotomi Hideyori
    Son from a concubine of Hideyoshi; Hideyoshi was resolved to make this new baby his successor and in doing so disinherited Hidetsugu and even forced him to commit suicide later on
  16. Hojo Soun
    first head of the late Hojo clan and one of the major powers in Japan's sengoku period who belonged to a prestigious family in the direct employment of the Ashikaga shoguns
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