1. What do cognitive psychologists study?
    Cognitive psychologists study the way information is processe and the mental processes involved in memory, thinking and knowing.
  2. What were the cognitive psychologists’ revolting
    against in the “Cognitive Revolution”?
  3. What is a concept?
    Mental categories used to group objects, events and characteristics
  4. How are concepts useful to cognition?
    • allow generalizations
    • allow association of experiences and objects
    • aid memory
    • provide clues about how to react to particular object or experience
  5. What is a prototype?
    typical, ighly representative examples of concept
  6. What are the steps to successful problem solving?
    • find and frame problems
    • develop good problem solving strategies
    • evaluate solutions
    • rethink and redefine problems and solutions
  7. Problem solving startegies
    • subgoaling
    • algorithms
    • heuristics
  8. Heuristic Strategies
    • shortcut strategies that suggest solution to preblem
    • working backwards
    • means-ends analysis
    • representativeness
    • availability
  9. Subgoaling
    • setting intermediate goals
    • defining intermediate goals
  10. Algorithms
    strategies that guarantee solution to problem
  11. Working Backwards (heuristic strategies)
    begin with the theorem and work backwards to the axioms
  12. Means-Ends Analysis (heuristic strategies)
    break the problem into a series of sub problems which are then solved
  13. Representativeness (heuristic strategies)
    • make judgments based on the most obvious aspect of the problem
    • quick, easy and often works
  14. Availability (heuristic strategies)
    solution based on the information that first comes to mind
Card Set
Psychology Exam 3