What is the survival triangle?
- Mental and Physical Conditioning
What are the key driving forces that influence the mind?
- Belief system
What are some exercises that help develop a proper attitude?
- Possitve self talk
- Mental rehearsal
What three things make up an officers belief system?
What are the levels of awarness and does each level mean?
- White- relaxation
- Yellow- physical and mental relaxation, but aware of surroundings
- Orange- state of alarm, concious of a potentially dangerous situation
- Red- the threat is real and you act
- Black- overload, panic, and paralysis
Why is physical conditioning important?
It will help the officer perform their job easier and with better skill.
What are some exercises to relieve stress?
- Head roll
- Neck Stretch
- Shoulder roll
Who should pick the time and place to force the confrontation?
What things make up command presence?
- Body Language
What type of command language should be given?
- Ex. Police! Don't Move!
What are some tactics that should be used to achive a suprise response?
- Invisible Depolyment
What are the three elements of position the officer should consider?
- Relative Distance
- Angle of approach
How should we use light and dark?
To our advantage
What is contact and cover?
It is used by two officers to ensure that one makes contact and the other is covering him.
What are some things considered service gear?
- Head gear
- Protective shields
- Body armor
- Service holster
Whose responsibility is it to maintain equipment?
When should chemical weapons be used?
- Riot control
- Barricaded individuals
- Disruptive inmates
- Staff Training
What are four ways to depoly chemical agents?
- Expulsion- clouds
What are the ten deadly sins to officer survial?
- Failure to maintain equipment
- Improper search and use of handcuffs
- Relaxing too soon
- Missing danger signs
- Taking bad positions
- Failure to watch hands
- Tombstone courage
What are the five passenger safety issues that plague our society?
- Getting new information about car seat
- Changing existing behavior
What are the six types of motor vehicle crashes?
- Front- down and under
- Lateral- moves with the vehicle if unrestrained
- Rear end-
- Rollover- ejections
- Vaults- ejections
- Roatations- hit doors and windows
What are the three types of collisions in a crash?
What are the five parts of a seatbelt?
- Anchor points
- Latch plate
What are the types of child seats and what are there age limits?
- Rear facing- at least 2 years old
- Convertable- up to 40 pounds
- Booster seat- up to 8th birthday
What are the two types of misuse of child seats?
- Gross- deliberate or obvious misuse
- Serious- unitentional error
What are the three goals of the resource conservation and recovery act?
- Protect human life
- Conserve energy
- Reduce hazardous wastes
How much weight in pounds and in volume is the litter law directed at?
- 10 pounds
- 15 cubic feet in volume
What is the clean air act?
Aims to keep the air clear of contaminates
What is the clean water act?
Aims to keep the water clean
What is the migratory bird treaty act?
All birds except Sparrows, Starlings, and pigeons
What are the officers tasks upon discovery of an Env. Crime?
- Secure the scene
- Determine violation
- Probable cause
- Legal Requirements
What are some types of environmental crimes?
- Abandoned drums on storage facility
- Illegal shipments
- Illegal dumping
- Illegal fill of wetlands
- Wildlife crimes
What agencies can assist with envronmental crimes?
- Fire departemtn
- Health department
- Task forces
- National responce center
What should an officer do prior to a call in progress?
Know his territory and equipment
When the officer recieves the in progress call what should he do?
Try to get as much information as possible
What should the officer do when he is in route to the call in progress?
- Use proper driving
- Sirens and blue lights ONLY when appropiate
Where and how should the patrol car be parked?
Away from the scene and parked as to use it for cover if necessary
What is the goal in a burglary in progress call?
- Catch the burglar in the building
- Quiet approach is important
What are the seven ways to make in progress calls safer?
- Criminal is always armed
- Search is systematic and through
- Stay out of doorways
- Look up
- Never use citizens
- Always expect more than one
- Ground floor up search method
What are eight mistakes that allow the burglar to escape?
- Screeching brakes
- Racing engine
- Loud radios
- Slaming doors
- Jingling keys
- Loud commands
- Heavy feet
What are the two death crime scene types?
- Primary- where the body is found
- Secondary- other scenes related to the primary scene
What are the three basic priciples of a crime scene?
- Rapid responce
- Everything is evidence
- Protect the scene
What are the patrol officers duties at a crime scene?
- Officer safety
- Determine if victim is dead or alive
- Detain witness or suspects
- Establish the crime scene
- If weapons are present and scene is secure
What is considered evidence at the scene?
- Physical evidence
- Real evidence
- All other weapons
Who is resonsible for evidence collected at the scene of the crime?
The person who collected it
What are four types of evidence and how should they be packaged?
- Biological- air dried and packed in paper
- Firearms- sealed in box
- Drugs- double bagged in plastic and sealed
- Trace- paper fold in paper packing
What can contaminate a crime scene?
- Unauthorized people
How should the victim be examined?
- Description of condition
- Photographs (overall, medium, and close-up)
- Tape lifts
- Bagging of hands
What is the primary goal in a crime scene search?
Identify and collect physical evidence
How should an officer move at a crime scene?
From point to point
What are the two types of sketches?
Smooth and Rough
What are the two types of methods for recording a crime scene sketch?
What are the seven basic search methods?
- Point to Point
How should a vehicle crime scene be processed?
Start with the outside and work your way in
How should photos of a crime scene be taken?
Panoramic, they should encompass 360 degrees of the scene.
Why should multiples of pictures be taken?
To ensure that some of them make it in court as evidence.
How can a tire track or footprint be lifted without a photo?
What will the crime lab process?
What is luminol?
A chemical that reacts with the particles of blood to show it was there
What are the two types of fingerprints?
- Latent- can't be seen with naked eye
- Patent- left in some soft material