1. Acapnia
    –Absence of carbon dioxide
  2. Anoxia
    Absence of oxygen
  3. Aphonia
    Absence of voice
  4. Apnea
    Inability to breathe
  5. Bradypnea
    Slow breathing
  6. Bronchospasm
    Narrowing of the airway caused by contraction of smooth muscles in the walls of the bronchioles
  7. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
    A pattern of breathing marked by a gradual increase of deep breathing followed by shallow breathing that leads to apnea
  8. Dysphonia
    Hoarseness of the voice
  9. Dyspnea
    Difficulty breathing
  10. Epistaxis
    A nosebleed
  11. Eupnea
    Normal breathing
  12. Hemoptysis
    Coughing up and spitting out blood originating from the lungs
  13. Hemothorax
    Blood in the pleural cavity
  14. Hypercapnia
    Excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
  15. Hyperpnea
    Deep breathing
  16. Hyperventilation
    Excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs
  17. Hypopnea
    Shallow breathing
  18. Hypoventilation
    Breathing rhythm that fails to meet the body’s gas exchange demands
  19. Hypoxemia
    Deficient levels of oxygen in the blood
  20. Hypoxia
    Deficient levels of oxygen in tissues throughout the body
  21. Laryngospasm
    Spasmodic closure of the glottis
  22. Orthopnea
    Ability to breathe is limited to an upright position
  23. Paroxysm
    A sudden sharp pain or convulsion
  24. Rhinorrhagia
    Rapid flow of blood from the nose, also called epistaxis
  25. Rhinorrhea
    Fluid discharge from the nose
  26. Sputum
    Expectorated matter, usually containing mucus and sometimes pus
  27. Tachypnea
    Rapid breathing
  28. Thoracalgia
    Pain in the chest region
Card Set
chapter12 symptoms/signs