medical assisting

  1. brand name
    The proprietary, or trade of a drug as copyrighted by the manufacturer.
  2. chemical name
    Name, usually long and often complicated, describing main chemical content of a drug
  3. Drug Enforcement Agancy DEA
    The federal agency that issues narcotic and hypnotic licenses to physicians
  4. generic name
    The established, official , or nonproprietary name by which a drug is known as an isolated substance irrespective of its manufacturer
  5. official name
    The Food and Drug Administration's established name of a drugp; AKA "generic name" or "established name"
  6. pharmaceutical
    Relating to pharmacy, drugs, and medicine
  7. Pharmacist
    A person skilled in the art of practice of preparing, preserving, compounding, and dispensing drugs; a druggist ; an apothecary
  8. Physicians' Desk Reference PDR
    A reference book used by physicians and medical assistants to find information about prescription drugs; it contains those drugs submitted to the publisher by drug companies.
  9. prescription
    A medical preparation compounded according to directions written by a physician to a pharmacist and consisting of four parts; superscription; inscription, subscription, and signature.
  10. analgesic
    a drug given to relieve pain without loss of consciousness
  11. anesthetic
    a drug that causes loss of sensation and insensibility to pain or touch. a "general anesthetic" produces insensibility to pain in all parts of the body and unconsciousness. a "local anesthetic" produces insensiblity to pain at the site of application.
  12. antacid
    a drug that neutralizes acidity, expecially in the digestive tract
  13. antibiotic
    a drug used to kill living microorganisms that cause infection
  14. anticoagulant
    a drug used to prevent blood clotting
  15. anticonvulsant
    a drug that relieves or prevents convulsions
  16. antidepressant
    a drug used to relieve syptoms of depression. antipsychotic drugs, antianxiety agents, psychomotor stimulants and lithium also treat depression
  17. antiemetic
    a drug that prevents or relieves vomiting
  18. antihistamine
    a drug used to treat allergy symptoms
  19. anti-inflammatory
    a drug used to reduce or relieve inflammation; may be a steroid or non-steroid agent.
  20. antipyretic
    a drug given to reduce fever
  21. antiseptic
    a substance that prevents the growth or arrests the development of microrganisms
  22. antitussive
    a drug used to relieve a cough
  23. astringent
    a substance that produces shrinkage of mucous membranes or other tissues and decreases secretion
  24. bronchodilator
    a drug used to dilate bronchial tubes
  25. carminative
    a drug that expels flatus [gas] from the stomach and the intestines
  26. cathartic
    a drug that increases and hastens the evacuation of the bowel; a laxative
  27. coagulant
    a drug or substance that causes blood or fluid to clot
  28. contraceptive, oral
    a drug that prevents conception; commonly known as "the pill"
  29. decongestant
    a drug that decreases congestion or swelling
  30. disinfectant
    a substance that destroys bacteria on objects, places, and materials; not used on the living body because of capacity to destroy living tissue as well.
  31. diuretic
    a drug that increases the excretion of uring
  32. emetic
    a drug that causes vomiting
  33. expectorant
    a drug used to increase secretion and aid in expelling mucus from the respiratory tract, or to modify suc secretions
  34. hemostatic
    a drug used to check bleeding
  35. hypnotic
    a drug that produces sleep; a soporific
  36. laxative
    a mild cathartic that produces one or two bowel movements without discomfort
  37. miotic
    a drug that causes the pupil of the eye to contract
  38. mydriatic
    a drug that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate
  39. narcotic
    a drug that relieves pain and produces sleep or stupor
  40. ointment
    a soft, fatty substance having soothing or healing action
  41. placebo
    an inactive preparation given in place of an actual drug to gratify the patient or as a control in pharmaceutical studies of drugs
  42. prophylactic
    a drug that prevents the development of a disease, such as a vaccine, a bitamin, a hormone, or an immunologic preparation
  43. sedative
    a drug that exerts a sooting or tranquilizing effect; a tranquilizer
  44. solution
    a liquid of ingredients dissolved evenly
  45. stimulant
    a drug that temporarily increases activity or hastens actions in the body or any of its organs
  46. suspension
    a preparation with undissolved ingredients that must be shaken well befor using
  47. therapeutic drugs
    drugs administered to combat a specific disorder
  48. tranquilizer
    a drug that reduces anxiety without clouding consciousness; a sedative
  49. vaccine
    a suspension of infectious agents or some part of them used to convey resistance to infectious disease
  50. vasconstrictor
    a drug that causes constriction fo blood vessels
  51. vasodilator
    a drug that causes dilation of blood vessels
  52. inhalation
    the act of drawing air or other substances into the lungs by breathing; medication administration by means of a special apparatus such as an inhalator, vaporizer, atomizer, nebulizer, intermittent positive pressure machine, or respirator
  53. injection
    the act of forcing liquid into a body part; medication administration either directly into th elbood stream or into the tissues; for example by intra-articular injection, intradermal injection, intramuscular injection, intravenous injection, or subcutaneous injection.
  54. inunction
    the act of applying an ointment with friction [i.e. rubbing it into the skin for absorption]
  55. oral
    pertaining to the mouth; describing medications given by mouth, wich may be either liquid or solid in the form of tablets, pills, capsules, or lozenges. capsules and pills are swallowed and absorbed in the digestive tract. lozenges are dissolved in the mouth to be absorbed by the body. medication held under the tongue or absorption is called sublingual; that held between the tongue and cheek is called buccal.
  56. parenteral
    describing all methods of giving medication by menas of a needle of cannula introduced through the skin
  57. rectal
    pertaining to the rectum; describing medication given via the rectum, as suppositories dissolved and absorbed by the mucous membranes of the rectum
  58. topical
    pertaining to a particular surface area; describing substances applied to the skin, such as unguents, ointments, creams, sprays, emulsions, powders, plaster, liniments, or liquids for washing.
  59. transdermal
    delivering medication through the skin by means of a dosage-regulator membrane [patch]; AKA transcutaneous delivery
  60. vaginal
    pertaining to the vagina; describing medications given via the vagina
Card Set
medical assisting
drug and prescription records