Misc. Resp System

  1. Hemothorax
    accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest).
  2. Pneumothorax
    The presence of air or gas in the cavity between the lungs and the chest wall, causing collapse of the lung.
  3. Tracheostomy
    a surgical operation that creates an opening into the trachea with a tube inserted to provide a passage for air;
  4. Pleural Effusion
    is excess fluid that accumulates between the pleura, the fluid- filled space that surrounds the lungs.
  5. Atelectasis
    • Partial or complete collapse of the lung
    • manisfestations: hypoventilation, tachypnea
  6. Isoniazid (INH)
    • used to treat and prevent TB
    • Vit B6 is also used to prevent TB
    • must monitor for liver toxicity
  7. Pneumonia Assessments
    • monitor for chest pain that increases with inspirations
    • increased temp
    • increased wbc
    • chest xray have pulmonary infiltration
    • Zythromax oral
  8. Anticoagulants
    • Heparin (PTT) antidote Protamine Sulfate
    • given after surgery in hosp.(never am dose)
    • Coumadin (PT) antidote Vit. K
    • prevents new clots from forming
  9. Streptokinase-dissolves clots
    Magnesium- causes seizures
  10. Wheezing on inspiration(decreased CO2)
    Wheezing on expiration(increased CO2)
  11. Bronchoscopy
    • a slender tubular instrument used to examine the bronchial tubes.
    • NPO until GAG reflex (6-8 hrs)
  12. TB meds
    • take meds with food
    • B6 for visual changes or hearing problems
    • toxic to liver (jaundice)
  13. Asthma
    Epinephren every 5min. X3 within 15 mins. if not activate intubate
  14. Cystic Fibrosis
    is an inherited disease of your secretory glands, including the glands that make mucus and sweat.
  15. Emphysima
    • A condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness.
    • A condition in which air is abnormally present within the body tissues.
Card Set
Misc. Resp System
Misc. Resp system