1. Body substance isolation
    All body fluids from a patient could be potentially harmful. Includes gloves, protective eyewear, etc.
  2. Carrier
    A person who shows no signs of disease yet harbors an infections organsim and may be a source of infection to others
  3. Chain of evidence
    An accountability of evidence at a crime scene. Evidence should be accounted for from the the time it came into your possession until it is turned over to the police
  4. Communicable
    Classification of disease in which the causative agent may pass or be carried from one person to another either directly or indirectly.
  5. Communicable period
    Time period during a person can transmit an infectious disease to others.
  6. Critical incident stress debriefing.
    Psychological, emotional and educational group process to lessen the impact of a critical incident.
  7. Dependent lividity
    Black and blue discoloration of most gravity dependent body portions, seen after death
  8. Exposure
    Process of coming in contact with but not necessarily being infected with a disease causing agennt
    Term referring to a hazardous materials incident or the special team to handle it.
  10. High efficiency particulate air (HEPA) respirator
    Specialized filtering mask designed to protect EMTs from airborne pathogens
  11. Host
    A susceptible person who, if exposed to a source of infectious disease, may become ill.
  12. Immunity
    The body's ability to resist infection after exposure to an infectious agent. The state of being protected from (immune) from a disease.
  13. Incubation period
    The time period between contact with an infectious agent and occurrence of signs and symptoms of infection.
  14. Infection control
    The practice of specific actions to block the spread of infectious agents.
  15. Microorganisms
    Organisms not visible to the naked eye.
  16. Pandemic flu
    virulent virus against which humans have little or no preexisting immuity; causes illness in humans and has the potential for sustained transmission from person to person
  17. Passive immunity
    Immunity that is injected into a body (not produced by it) such as an injection of an anitbody against tetanus.
  18. Personal protective equipment (PPE)
    Safety equipment used to prevent direct contact with blood and other body fluids, including gloves, eye protection, masks, and gowns or used to prevent contact with hazardous materials, including turnout gear, chemical resistant clothing, and self contained breathing apparatus.
  19. Placard
    Special sign used to identify various hazardous materials.
  20. Rigor mortis
    Rigidity of muscles after death
  21. Self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
    Special mask and regulator used by rescue personnel in environments that may be dangerous such as those containing smoke, carbon monoxide, or other hazardous materials.
  22. Sharps container
    Special container designed for the disposal of needles and other sharp instruments used in conjunction with the care of a patient.
  23. Source
    A person, insect, object, or other substance that carries or is contaminated by an infectious agent.
  24. Standard precautions
    Incorporate the older universal precautions and body substance isolation. Precautions used in all situations to avoid transmission from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection. These apply to blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions (except sweat), nonintact skin, and mucous membranes.
  25. Transmission
    Method by which an infectious agent travels from the source to its host.
  26. Transmission based precautions
    Special precautions beyond standard precautions that are used for patients documented or suspected to be infected with highly transmissible disease
  27. Turnout gear
    Heavy clothing that is puncture resistant and gives some protection from hazardous materials and materials at extremes of temperature
  28. Universal precautions
    The approach to protect oneself in every patient contact against exposure to body substances and fluids that may carry blood-borne pathogens such as HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C
  29. Vaccination
    Inoculation with a vaccine to establish immunity to a particular disease.
  30. Vector
    Insects, animals or inanimate objects that carry and transmit disease. For example malaria and mosquitos
  31. Incubation period
    Mode of transmission that occurs when touching an infected item.
  32. Microorganisms
    caused by infection from bacteria or viruses that are toxic to the body
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