1. Prunus (cherries, peaches, almonds, apricots) b. Pomes (apples, pears) c. Grasses (Johnson grass, Sudan grassSorghums, corn) d. Elderberry Sambucus e. Birdsfoot trefoil, white clover, vetch f. Eucalyptus sp.
    bright red cherry blood; almond smell, acute death
    • Cyanide
    • Rx w/ Na-nitrite and thiosulfate
  2. Increase in prothrombin time
    Clot factors 1, 2, 7 , 9 ,10
    • Rotendicide
    • Rx with Vit K1
  3. Calcium oxalate crystals in renal tubules plus some neuro effects.
    • Ethylene glycol
    • Rx with 4MP or alcohol
    • Na bicarb to correct metabolic acidosis
  4. OVERSTIMULATION c. Drool, miosis, vom, diarrhea, tremors, szrs ; anti-cholinesterase toxin
    • OPP: rx with 2PAM + emetic and atropine
    • Carbamate: rx with atropine
  5. Basophillic stapling in some RBCs
    acute toxicity in young animals; mostly dogs and cattle
    Gastroenteritis and neuro signs
    • Lead toxicosis
    • Rx w/ Ca-EDTA to chelate + thiamine
  6. Amaranthus, Avena sativa ( oats), Beta vulgaris (beets) Chenopodium album (lambs quarter), Sorghum, Zea mays (corn), rye alfalfa
    dyspnea, tremors, ataxia, tachycardia
    • Nitrates
    • Ocular fluids to test for nitrates
    • RX: Methylene blue , charcoal lavage
  7. Aflatoxins
    • hepatotoxic, carginogenic
    • young animals mostly
  8. Ergot
    • Agalactia
    • Periph vasoconstriction, lameness- dry gangrene of extremities
  9. Zearlorone
    reproductive disorders; Fusarium
  10. Facial eczema (pithomycotoxicosis)
    • HEPATIC damage w 2ndary photosens,
    • . Failure to excrete phylloerythrin in bile czs photosensitization
  11. Rhizoctonia leguminicola (“Black patch” dz
    Slaframine, swainsonineiv.
    • Profuse salivation
    • Tx with atropine
  12. Lupines.
    • Hepatic injury- photosensitizationiii.
    • Icterus, copious transudates
  13. High ph in rumen, (> 7.5) in recently dead cow highly suggestivef.
    “Bovine Bonkers” wild agitation, tremors
    • Ammonia toxicosis. non protein nitrogen
    • Rx w cold water in rumen, acetic acid
  14. Senecio (tansy ragwort, groundsel, Crotalariab. Amsinckia intermedia (fiddleneck), Symphytum (comfrey)
    • Pyrrilizodline alkaloids
    • icterus, depression, anorexiaf.
    • “Walking dz” – due to hepatic encephalopathy
  15. Mercury toxicity accumulates in brain kidneys +/- muscle
    • CNS stimulation, cerebellar ataxia, hypermetria
    • Tx = chelation therapy, DMSA or dimercaprol
  16. Peat scours or teart- liquid feces with gas bubbles; unthriftiness; decreased fertility
  17. Sorghum = fescue
    • altered peripheral circulation
    • dry gangrene of extremities adn bovine fat necrosis
  18. Strychnine = indole alkaloid
    • competitively inhibits glycine (inhibitory nt); stiff, tetanic, seizures, death by asphyxiation
    • Tx: pentabarb, emesis, charcoal
  19. Sweet clover-- forms toxic dicoumarol --> interpheres with clotting
    tx with vit K1
  20. Blue green algae
    • neurotoxic alkaloids
    • Tx = CuSO4
  21. Arsenic
    • GI tract, cardiovasc effects
    • test stomach contents
    • tx with DMSA
  22. Sensitivity
    • a/ a+ c
    • trust a negative test
  23. Specificity
    • d/ d+ b
    • trust a positive test
  24. PPV +
    a/ a+b
  25. PPV -
    d/ c+d
  26. Philodenrons/ calla lillies
    toxic to kidneys ; causes oral tissues and swellings
  27. Easter and tiger lillies
    acute vomiting, tremors, ataxia
  28. Femoral nerve damage: what is seen
    • no patellar reflex
    • non weight bearing
    • UMN bladder paralysis- incontinence;
    • increased anal tone
  29. Sciatic nerve damage L7-S1
    • UMN bladder paralysis; incontinence with increase anal tone
    • No intact withdrawl reflex
    • Has patellar reflex and can bear weight
  30. T3- L3 lesions cause?
    • hypertonis and proprioceptive defects
    • normal ro increase anal tone/reflex
  31. Cauda Equina syndrome
    • pain in LS area +/- urine/fecal incontinence
  32. PIGS- age group?
    a. Cl. prefringes C
    b. Rota virus
    c. psuedo rabies ?
    • a. 1-3 days
    • b. up to 3 weeks
    • c. < 7 days
  33. PIGS
    > 1 week
  34. PIGS
    Haemagglutation encephalomyelitis
    < 4 weeks/ 1 month
  35. PIGS
    piglets and neonatal
  36. PIGS
    6- 20 weeks
  37. PIGS
    Edema, Rota
    post weaners
  38. PIGS
    acute septic erysipellas
    swine dysentery
    growing, finishing
  39. PIGS
    Intestinal voluvulus
    4-6 months
  40. PIGS
    Poricein epidemic diarrhea d/t corona virus
    All ages
  41. Oleander
    cardiac glycoside
  42. Foxglove; lilly of the valley; Yew; Axalea (Rhodeodendron)
    • cardiotoxic; cardiac glycosides
    • Atropine, isoproterenol,
  43. Crooked Calf syndrome; teratogen in cattle and not sheep;
    Lupine; no spf treatment
  44. Poison hemlock with no treatment
    salivation, vomiting, D, muscle tremors, death from respiratory failure
  45. Braken Fern: thiaminase
    • Polioencephalomalacia
    • bone marrow suppresion and carcinogencity
  46. Cottonseed: gossypol
    Castor bean
    • Gossypol = cardiotoxic esp in young; sudden death, red urine
    • Castor = extensive organ edema and damage; toxic glycoprotein
  47. Loco weed = Astragalus, oxytropis
    • Loco - abortions/teratogenn- cracking heels, proprioceptive deficits
    • Water-- acute violent tetanic seizures
  48. yellow star thistle
    nigropallidal encephalomalacia in horses
  49. Veratrum
    teratogenic effects
  50. Red Maple

    Ponderosa pine
    RBC lysis in horses

    Pine needle abortion
Card Set
cardio, drugs, age groups