MAO Inhibitors

  1. Drugs that are MAOI's
    Nardil, Parnate, Marplan

    No Popular Meds

    • NO
    • cheese
    • wine
    • preserved meats

    • NO
    • over the counter cold medications
    • barbiturates
    • tricyclic antidepressants
    • antihystamines
    • central nervous system depressants
  2. uses for MAOI's
    depressed clients who have not responded to tricyclic antidepressants and SSRI's
  3. Contraindications for MAOI's
    • impaired renal or heptic function
    • coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, hypertension
  4. precautions when a patient is taking MAOI's
    hypertensive crisis can be triggered by eating foods fich in tyramine (pickled, aged, caffeinated, or fermented food or drinks and medications containing diuretics, antihistamines, antihypertensives, and ephedrine

    MAOI's interact with other medications
  5. Side effects of MAOI's
    • CNS stimulation anxiety, agitation, hypomania, mania
    • orthostatic hypotension
    • hyertensive crisis from intake of tyramine-containing foods
  6. Nursing implication and patient teaching for patients taking MAOI's
    • avoid over the counter drugs especially cold remedies, nasal decongestatnt, and asthma medications
    • advise patient to tell health providers that they are taking MAOI's
    • assess for changes in mood evaluate suicidal tendencies
    • avoid tyramine rich foods that can lead to hypertensive crisis (smoked sasuage, pepperoni, salami dried or cured fish, all cheese, chianti wine, dietary supplements with protein extract, soy sauce)
Card Set
MAO Inhibitors
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI'S)