Upper Test 2

  1. What is torticollis (wryneck)? where do invertebral discs start? they give how much percent to of the spines height and lordotic curve? which C is the fist palpable?
    • stiff neck aka mm stiffness or possible a facet lock
    • BW C2 and C3, invert discs give 25% of spines height and lordotic curve C2 first palpable
  2. atlanto occipital joints are where? f and e and side f how much? rotation is..? where are the atlanto axial joints? mobile articulation? rotates how much? flex and ex and side f?
    • atlanto occipital: O-C1 f/e 15 to 20 side is 10 rotation is negligible
    • atlanto axial: most mob artic of spin rot is 50 f/e is 10 side is 5
  3. the vert artery is kinked 45 where and 50 where? what occurs at this point?
    • 45 at ipsi rot and 50 at contra
    • dizziness vertigo nausea timilus drop attacks visual disturbance stroke death
  4. facets are aticulations with what above and below?
    what kind of joints are there?
    where is the most f and e?
    what are the mms of erector spinae, each have? A?
    • with vertebra there are gliding and synovial
    • c5 to c6
    • SIL: spinalis longissimus iliocostalis
    • hav CCTL capitis cervicis thoracis and lumborum
    • A: E and ipsi F&Rot
  5. where is the multifidus located?A? where is interspinalis located? A? both of these hav?
    • Multifidus: trans process to 2 to 4 spinous process above. A: E and ipsi rotation
    • interspinalis: spinous process to next spinous process
    • A: E
    • both have CTL cervicis thoracis lumborum
  6. disorders due to age.. what is spondylosis? and what is spondylolysis? spondylolisthesis? stenosis?
    • spondylosis: degen of invert disc
    • spondylolysis: defect in pars interaticularis of arch of vertebra
    • spondylolisthesis (retrolo..) backward bend causing displacement of one vertebra on another
    • stenosis: narrowing of spinal canal (hern or osteoarth)
  7. severity of symptoms neuro deficits? amount of times symps were present and central canal diameter
    • numbness bi and ipsi motor/sensory loss
    • quadraparesis and quadripeligia
  8. what is moi? axial loading? whip lash? burner stinger?
    abnormal posture?
    • Ax: compression from top of skull: spearing
    • whiplash: acute force causing neck to move violently in all directions
    • b/s'er: c5 to t1 its a brach plexus stretch or compress
    • ab posture: thoracic outlet syndrome" brachial plexus sublavian artery and vein
  9. what is upper crossed syndrome? what causes loss of consciousness? what is paresthesia? what kinds are there? what is diff diag? what is numb 5th finger and weak digit abduction?
    • tight upper traps levator scap pecs
    • weak rhombs serratus lower traps deep neck flexors
    • head injury and vert artery
    • pins and needles sensation, originated and referred
    • myel is brains and spinal cord radic is nerve root lesion plex is plexus lesion neruro is periph nerve lesion
  10. other history Qs? headaches? activites worsen? mouth nose breather? swallowing? sleep positions? normal daily living?
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Upper Test 2
upper test 2