History Test Chapters 3_4.txt

    • author "Kristen"
    • tags ""
    • description ""
    • fileName "History Test Chapters 3/4"
    • Colombian Exchange
    • The global transfer of plants, animals, and diseases that occurred during the european colonization of the Americas in 1492
  2. Examples of exchange from the America(the old world) to Europe(the old world)
    Tobacco, pumpkin, turkey, squash, quinine, sweet potato, avocado, peppers, pineapple, cacoa bean, cassava, peanut, beans, vanilla, potato, tomato, corn
  3. Examples of exchange from Europe to America
    Guns, religion of christianity, citrus fruits, onion, olive, grape, turnip, banana, coffee bean, peach, sugar cane, honey bee, grains, livestock, disease
  4. Commercial Revolution
    The expansion of trade and business that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries
  5. Capitalism(America)
    An economic system based on private ownership of property and on investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
  6. Inflation
    Occurs when people have no more money to spend and thus demand more goods and services so prices raise and value of money goes down
  7. Joint-Stock Company
    A business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the process; sponsor colonists to make expeditions; motto: explore for profit
  8. Mercantilism
    An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver by selling more goods than they bought
  9. Favorable Balance of Trade
    An economic situation in which a country exports more than it imports---that is, selling more goods abroad than it buys abroad
  10. Import
    Receive goods from another country
  11. Export
    Send & sell goods to another country
  12. Northwest Passage
    A northwest route through North America to Asia. The route wasn't found and the French, English, and Dutch instead established colonies in North America. It didn't exist, waterway from the Atlantic to the pacific
  13. New France
    The base of France's colonial empire in North America (Quebec)
  14. Giovanni de Verrazzo
    Italian in the service of France. Found the New York Harbor in 1524
  15. Jacques Cartier
    St Lawrence River to Montreal in 1534 a frenchman
  16. Samuel de Champlain
    A French explorer who sailed up the St. Lawrence River in 1608 he claimed the land he found Quebec "Father of New France"
  17. Jacques Marquette
    A French priest who explored the great lakes and upper Mississippi River in 1673
  18. Louis Joliet
    A trader who explored the great lakes and the Mississippi River in 1673
  19. LaSalle
    Claimed the Louisiana River valley for France named after King Louis XIV
  20. Jamestown
    First permanent English settlement
  21. Pilgrims
    Took a religious journey to Jamestown
  22. Puritans
    Took a religious journey to Boston
  23. Henry Hudson
    An Englishman in service of the Netherlands who found and names the waterways: Hudson River, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait
  24. New Netherland
    From New York City to Albany along the Hudson River; fur trade, many religions, languages, and settlers
  25. New York
    Given to the Duke of York by his brother Charles II in 1664 after the English take over the Dutch colony with no shots fired
  26. French-Indian War
    A war between the French and the English because of colonies expanding and interfering where French won in 1763 and were forced to leave North America
  27. King Philip's War
    In 1675, Indians vs. British Colonists
  28. Metacom
    King Philip who led the Indians to an attack in 52 colonial villages through Massachusetts in 1675; the colonists won
  29. Disease
    Included small pox, measles, and other diseases killing many slaves and colonists
  30. Colonies
    The Spanish establish colonies in the Americas for economic reasons like finding gold
  31. Pedro Cabral
    Claims Brazil for Portugal
  32. Amerigo Vaspucci
    Italian working for Spain; America named for him
  33. Vasco Nunez de Balboa
    Isthmus of Panama to South Sea
  34. Juan Ponce de Leon
    Florida (Fountain of Youth)
  35. Francisco Coronado
    Southwestern U.S. Grand Canyon
  36. Ferdinand Magellan
    Circumnavigates the world
  37. Hernando Cortes
    Spaniard who conquers the Aztecs in Mexico
  38. Conquistador
    "conquerer" Spanish soldier looking for gold
  39. Montezuma II
    Aztec leader
  40. Francisco Pizarro
    Conquered the Incas in South America
  41. Mestizo
    Mixed Ancestry
  42. Ecomienda System
    Labor force for the Spanish
  43. Bartolome de Las Casa
    Catholic Spanish monk who spoke out against slavery
  44. African Slaves
    • •needed because Native-Americans are dead of war and disease
    • •Spain and Portugal(Brazil) first look to Africa
  45. Early Slavery in Africa
    • •non-Muslims
    • •prisoners of war (POW)
    • •criminals
  46. Advantages of African Slaves
    • •immunity to European disease
    • •experienced farmers
    • •no knowledge of the land-less chance for successful escape
  47. Atlantic Slave Trade
    • •buying and selling Africans for work in the Americas
    • •1690-1807 England dominates slave trade
    • •King Alfonso protests
  48. Triangular Trade
    • •trans-Atlantic trading network
    • •raw materials from America to Europe
    • •slaves from Africa to America
    • •manufactured goods from Europe to Africa to America
  49. Middle Passage
    • •middle part of the triangular trade
    • •slaves from Africa to America
    • •inhuman treatment with pocked slave ships
    • •death,suicide,disease
    • •20% fatality rate
  50. Slavery in America
    • •hereditary
    • •cruel
    • •no rights or freedoms
    • •all types of work
  51. Plantations
    Large farms growing a cash crop using slave labor
  52. Slave Punishments
    • •whipping
    • •branding
    • •selling off family members
    • •mutalation
  53. Slaves Resistance
    • •music and storytelling
    • •work slow and sabotage of tools
    • •run away and escape
    • •armed revolts
  54. Consequences Of The Slave Trade
    • •less young population in Africa
    • •families torn apart
    • •guns and warfare to Africa
    • •labor force in the American colonies(economies and culture)
    • •more population in the Americas
    • •Mulatto-intermarriage between Africans and Europeans(Americans)
Card Set
History Test Chapters 3_4.txt
my second history test