1. Monotheistic religion of the Jews based on Torah; Jews believe that they are God's Chosen People meant to live a holy and ethical life
  2. Standard or set of norms established for behavior
  3. Desirable middle between two extremes, between excess and inadequacy as defined by Aristotle
    The Golden Mean
  4. Islamic religious law
  5. The right or wrong of an action, decision, or way of living
  6. Early Egyptian texts that described the proper conduct needed for a happy afterlife
    Book of the Dead
  7. Monotheistic religion based on the Qur'an and teaching that there is only one God and that Mohammed is his prophet
  8. Hindu religious community that emphasizes choice in worship of the manifestations of God and emphasizes the teachings of Vedic texts
  9. The quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong
  10. Rabbinic religious law
  11. ethical system that emphasizes fidelity to principle and duty over the consequences of a moral action
    Duty-Driven Ethics
  12. Dominant religion of INdia based on worship of many gods, including Brahma, and the teachings of the Vedas and the Bhagavad Gita
  13. The path of the morally enlightened individual in Daoist teaching
    The Way
  14. Ethical system that emphasizes moral character and development of the virtues as a basis for moral action
    virtue Ethics
  15. The belief that the good and evil a person does will return either in this life or in a later one
  16. Ancient Hindu religion which emphasizes harmlessness (nonviolence) and renunciation
  17. Christian precept: do to others what you would have them do to you
    Golden Rule
  18. Study of the moral values of an individual, group, or culture
  19. Buddhist teaching on four truths regarding suffering
    Four Noble Truths
  20. Philosophical system based on the teachings of Indian spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi which stresses nonviolent resistance to evil
  21. Those traits of character or admirable properties allowing humans to achieve a virtuous life
    the Virtues
  22. Philosophical system based on the teachings of Lao-tzu; followers seek the "way" which they believe governs the universe
  23. confucian texts that dealt with the proper functioning of society, government and religion as well as offering a compilation of ancient Chinese literature
    Five Classics
  24. Key relationship in Confucianism
    Five Great Relationships
  25. Indian religion that separated from Hinduism in the 15th and 16th centuries; Sikhs believe in one God and the teachings found in their holy scripture, Guru Granth Sahib
  26. Philosophical system based on the teachings of Confucius, stressing moral order and harmony in thought and conduct
  27. Vows of non-violence, truth-telling, non-stealing, celibacy, and detachment undertaken by ascetics in Jainism
    Five Great vows
  28. Buddhist teaching of 9 practices: right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration
    Noble Eightfold Path
  29. Formal Islamic prayer performed by Muslims 5x a day
  30. Islamic duties of observing creed, praying, charity to poor, fasting during Ramadan, making pilgrimage to Mecca
    Five Pillars
  31. religion originated in India by Siddhartha Gautama, seek the path to enlightment thru physical and spiritual discipline
  32. Ancient Chinese texts that outlined basic system of Confucian thought
    Four Books
  33. Principle of non-violence; an important tenet of Hinduism, jainism, and Buddhism
  34. monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus christ who is considered humanity's savior
  35. Moral rules given by God to prophet Moses, according to Hebrew Bible
    ten commandments
  36. Major religous epic of ancient India and a major text of Hinduism
  37. Platos virtues: temperance, courage, reason, justice
    Platonic Virtues
  38. the belief that a soul can be reborn into a new body after death
  39. Platos concept that there are ideal essences of objects or things
    The Forms
  40. Ethical system that judges a moral action by its outcomes or results
  41. holy text of Islam
  42. Hebrew Bible
  43. Ancient Hindu sacred writings
  44. Epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia that recounts legends and myths about the hero-king Gilgamesh
    Epic of Gilgamesh
  45. Legal code established by the 6th Babylonian king, Hammurabi, that covered civil, criminal, and commercial law
    code of Hammurabi
  46. Pursuit of pleasure as a matter of ethical principle
  47. Philosophic approach where morality is whatever God command
    Divine Command theory
Card Set
Chapter 5