1. A 40-year-old man presents to his GP with a 2-month history of intermittent upper abdominal pain. He describes the pain as a dull, gnawing ache. The pain sometimes wakes him at night, is relieved by food and drinking milk, and is helped partially by ranitidine. He had a similar but milder episode about 5 years ago, which was treated with omeprazole. Physical examination reveals a fit, apparently healthy man in no distress. The only abnormal finding is mild epigastric tenderness on palpation of the abdomen. What is the diagnosis?
    Peptic ulcer disease.
  2. A 42-year-old woman has heartburn after meals and a sour taste in her mouth. For the past 4 to 6 months she has had symptoms several times a week. Symptoms are worse when she lies down or bends over. Antacids help somewhat. The patient has no dysphagia, vomiting, abdominal pain, exertional symptoms, melaena, or weight loss. Past medical history and family history are non-contributory. The patient drinks alcohol occasionally and does not smoke. On physical examination, height is 1.63 m (5 feet 4 inches), weight 77.1 kg, and BP 140/88 mmHg. The remainder of the examination is unremarkable. What is the diagnosis?
    Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.
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