1. Septicemia
    Blood poisoning
  2. Endemic vs. Epidemic
    • Endemic: disease always present in a population - ex: the flu
    • Epidemic: when many people acquire a disease in a short period of time. Ex: a large outbreak of the flu
  3. What is the difference between signs, symptoms and syndromes?
    • Signs: Objective changes that can be observed by a nurse
    • Symptoms: what the patient feels, ex: pain in the chest
    • Syndrome: a group of signs/symptoms
  4. What is one problem with excessive douching?
    Excessive douching eliminates normal microbiota and gives the yeast Candida Albicans a free place to grow leading to vagatitis
  5. Hematuria
    Blood in the urine
  6. Blood in the urine
  7. What is Congestive Heart Failure
  8. What is Congested Heart Failure? What are some symptoms?
    CHF is a pathological condition of the heart in which there is a reduced outflow of blood from the left side of the heart because the left ventricle myocardium has become too weak to efficiently pump blood, results in breathlessness, weakness and edema.
  9. pil/o
    • Hair
    • Ex: arrector pili = hair muscle
  10. vas/o
    vessel, duct
  11. Cretinism
    Congenital condition in which a lack of thyroid hormones may result in arrested physical and mental development
  12. Peritone/o
  13. Peritoneum
    A smooth transparent serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen.
  14. hidr/o
    • sweat
    • Anhidrous: the abnormal absensce of sweating
  15. Coronary Artery Disease - what is it caused by, what are symptoms?
    Insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle due to an obstruction of one of more coronary arteries. May be caused by aterosclerosis and may casue angina pectoris and/or MI. Pain comes and goes, if lasting longer than 20 minutes something else is happening.
  16. What are some purposes of cholesterol?
    • structural component of cell membranes
    • helps manufacture bile acids, steriod hormones and vitamin D
  17. What is the localized and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to an obstruction called?
  18. Ischemia
    The localized and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to an obstruction.
  19. Infra-
    • under, beneath, below
    • Infraorbital - under the eye socket
  20. Pan-
    • All
    • Pancarditis = inflammation of all the heart
  21. Pancarditis
    Inflammation of all the heart
  22. -plasia
    • Development, growth
    • Dysplasia = abnormal development
  23. Dysplasia
    Abnormal development
  24. -rrhexis
  25. Hysterorrhexis
    Ruptured uterus
  26. -cele
    Hernia, protrusion
  27. What is the protrusion of the bladder into the vagina called?
  28. Per-
  29. "through the skin"
  30. -rrhage
    Excessive, abnormal flow
  31. What is excessive bleeding called?
  32. -rrhea
    Discharge, flow
  33. What is discharge from the nose called?
  34. enter/o
    Small Intestine
  35. Enteric
    Pertaining to the small intestines
  36. Hemat/o
  37. -osis
    Abnormal condition
  38. Abnormal condition of being blue
  39. -plasm
    Forming, developing
  40. Neoplams
    New development
  41. What is Edema and what are some causes?
    • Tissue Swelling
    • caused by anything that increases fluid flow out of the blood or inhibits its return - can be caused by hypertension, blood vessel blockage, CHF
  42. Ante-
    Before, in front of
  43. Antepartum
    Before birth
  44. -centesis
    Puncture to withdraw fluid
  45. Arthrocentesis
    Puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint
  46. cis/o
    to cut
  47. spin/o
  48. BPH
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - hypertrophy of the prostate which distorts urethra - enhances the risk of bladder infections and kidney disease
  49. PSA
    Prostatic Specific Antigen = biomarker for prostate cancer
  50. Somat/o
  51. -scope
    instrument for viewing
  52. Gastroscope
    Instrument to view the stomach
  53. -graph
    Instrument for recording
  54. Para-
    beside, beyond, near
  55. Paranasal
    Near or beside the nose
  56. Intra-
    Within, inside
  57. Intravenous
    Within a vein
  58. -meter
    Instrument for measuring
  59. eu-
    Normal, good
  60. Eupnea
    Normal breathing
  61. -graphy
    Process of recording
  62. -lysis
  63. -otomy
    Cutting into
  64. -rrahpy
  65. What is suturing together muscle called?
  66. -pexy
    Surgical fixation
  67. Nephropexy
    Surgical fixation of a kidney
  68. Clubbing
    The abnormal widening and thickening of the ends of the fingers and toes associated with chronic oxygen deficiency.
  69. -ectasis
    Dilated, expansion
  70. Bronchiectasis
    Dilated bronchus
  71. -opia
  72. Somat/o
  73. dist/o
    Away from
  74. -ptosis
  75. Proctoptosis
    Drooping Rectum
  76. cysto-
  77. Cystostomy
    to create an opening in the bladder
  78. aden/o
  79. Epi-
    upon, over
  80. Epigastric
    Over the stomach
  81. -metry
    process of measuring
  82. chol/e
    bile, gal
  83. Cholecystogram
    Record of the gall bladder
  84. -pepsia
  85. Bracypepsia
    Slow digestion
  86. Hematemesis
    Vomitting blood
  87. Pseudocyesis
    False pregnancy
  88. Prolapsed uterus
    Fallen uterus that can cause the cervic toprotrude through the vaginal opening. Generally caused by weakened muscles from vaginal delivery or a result of pelvic tumors pressing down.
  89. PO
    By mouth
  90. thym/o
  91. qd
    once a day; every day
  92. t.i.d
    3 times a day
  93. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  94. b.i.d.
    twice a day
  95. q
  96. qh
    every hour
  97. What does the frontal lobe control?
    • motor function
    • personality
    • speech
  98. What does the temporal lobe control?
    Hearing and smell
  99. myel/o
    spinal cord or bone marrow
  100. Analgesia (anal-JEE-zee-ah)
    Absence of pain or sensation
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