English Composition

  1. a noun that cannot be seen or touched, but which expresses a concept, an idea, or a quality; examples are love, honor, faith.
    Abstract noun
  2. a verb that tells us what the subject is doing and when the action occurs.
    Action verb
  3. a word that modifies (describes or limits) a noun or a pronoun. Adjectives usually come directly before the nouns they modify, but they can also appear later in the sentence and refer back to the noun or pronoun.
  4. a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs often end in –ly, and they answer the question how, when, where, why, or to what extent.
  5. a group of words that gives extra information about a noun or a pronoun in that sentence. It is set off by commas.
    Appositive phrase
  6. a name of a general class of people, places, or things, such as author, city, toy.
    Common noun
  7. a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and also expresses a complete thought.
    Complete sentence
  8. a subject of two or more nouns or pronouns joined together by the following: and, or, either/or, neither/nor.
    Compound subject
  9. a noun that represents something we can see or touch.
    Concrete noun
  10. a verb that combines with a main verb to form a verb phrase. It always comes before the main verb and expresses a special meaning or a particular time.
    Helping or auxillary verb
  11. a verb that links the subject of a sentence to one or more words that describe or identify the subject.
    Linking verb
  12. a word that names a person, place, or thing. A noun can function as a subject, an object, or a possessive in a sentence.
  13. the name given to any one of eight categories of words into which the English language can be divided: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections.
    Part of speech
  14. a word used with a noun in a phrase to indicate time, position, or some other relationship. Examples are during the night, under the bed, from the album.
  15. a group of words containing a preposition and an object of that preposition, along with any modifiers. Prepositional phrases contain nouns or pronouns, but these nouns or pronouns are never the subject of the sentence.
    Prepositional phrase
  16. a word that takes the place of a noun. Like a noun, a pronoun can function as a subject, an object, or a possessive in a sentence.
  17. a name of a particular person, place, or thing, such as Joan Didion, New Orleans, Lego.
    Proper noun
  18. a word that shows action or expresses a state of being. It can also change form to show the time (past, present, or future) of that action or state of being. The three classes of verbs are action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs.
Card Set
English Composition
Ch 3