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  1. Difference between a branchial cleft cyst and a thyroglossal cyst?
    • thyroglossal is in midline moves with swallowing
    • Branchial cleft cyst is on the lateral side of SCM
  2. Pathophisiology of A migraine?
    • Nuclei release substance P, neurokinin which simtulate 5HT and NE from raphe and L.cerelus.
    • 5HT and NE stimulate COX to release PG-->sterile inflammation of trigeminal nerve---> perceived by nociceptors--->headache
  3. Tx for Migraine?
    • sumtriptan
    • ergotamine
    • lidocaine
    • Nsaids
  4. WHat precipitates a Cluster Headache?
  5. To be classified as a cluster headache what else must be there?
    headache + autonomic dysfunction-ptosis, sweating, drooling
  6. Tx for trigeminal Neuralgia?
    • carbamezapine
    • gabapentin
  7. What other condition accompanies Temporal(Giant Cell) arteritis?
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica
  8. Why is the weight loss in Temporal arteritis?
    High ESR
  9. Headache +vision loss?
    • temporal arteritis
    • Migraine
  10. Amaurosis Fugax?
    transient vision loss due to ischemia as in temporal cell arteritis
  11. Elevated optic disk, Bilateral papilledema, headache in an obese close to menopause woman?
    Pseudotumor Cerebri
  12. Psedotumor cerebri is due to what?
    high CSF
  13. WHat polyposis syndrome is associatd with brain tumors?
    Turcots---+ medulloblastoma and glioblastoma multiforme
  14. WHich NF is associated with optic gliomas/hamartomas?
    bilateral acoustic shwanomma?
    • NF1-optic glioma
    • NF2--bilateral acoustic shwanommas
  15. Headache that resolves on laying down is caused by what?
  16. Triad of Menier's?
    • vertigo
    • Tinnuitis
    • Sensoryneuronal hearing loss
  17. PID?
    inflammation of uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries
  18. Adnexal Mass
    mass around the ovaries
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