Silk Road Test

  1. The Silk Road stretched from where to where?
    Rome and Syria in the west to China in the east
  2. What are the three major time periods of the Silk Road?
    • 1. the 2nd century B.C. to the 2nd century A.D.
    • 2. 7th-10th century A.D.
    • 3. the 12th-14th century A.D.
  3. When the first major contact came between East and West, who conquested Central Asia?
    Alexander the Great
  4. What are 2 reasons for Romes downfall?
    Unweildy size, Disease, Weak ineffective rulers
  5. 2 reasons for the Success of Rome
    • Technolgical advancements, Strong central Gov.,
    • Strong military
  6. When Alexander's empire fell, what three powers took over his land?
    • Parthians in east,
    • Romans to the west,
    • and China extended far to the west, the eastern-most boundary of Alexander's empire.
  7. Who acted as middlemen for trade between the Romans and the Huns?
    The parthians were the middlemen of gold
  8. Why did trade become more treacherous and expensive at the end of the first main silk road period?
    They had to pass through small states, paying taxes through each one.
  9. In the 7th century, what new influence bagan to dominate the area of Central Asia?
  10. What area the conquest of the muslim empire unify?
    from Arabia in the west to Kashgar China in the east
  11. When the silk road was on its bad periods, where did Arabic traders turn to to trade?
    the sea. the could then take their goods to China
  12. The third silk road time, Central Asia and China were unified under what empire?
    the great mongol empire
  13. Why were the roads the safest ever to travel from the 12th-14th century/
    one empire controlled all of the middle east and central asia.
  14. What two empires fell to cause the end of the 3rd silk road period?
    Mongols and Constantinople
  15. How long is the silk road from Chang'ag to Antioch
    4,000 miles
  16. what is the easiest portion of the silk road route
    Gansu Corridor
  17. What is north of the Gansu Corridor? What is south?
    • a. Gobi desert
    • b. Qilian mtns.
  18. The qilian mtns. form the NE edge of ____________.
    the Tibeten Plateua
  19. What river feeds to oasis in Dunhuang?
    Tang River
  20. What do locals call the Taklimakan desert?
    Land of death
  21. The Taklimakan Desert occupies what geo feature?
    Tarim Basin
  22. what river flows year-round in the Tarim Basin?
    Aksu River
  23. What mtn. range lies north of the Taklimakan desert? how high is its peak?
    Tian Shan mtns. 24,000 ft.
  24. List two oasis cities on the southern route around the Taklimakan Desert
    Miran, Niya
  25. South of the Southern route lie tallest mtns. What are these 3 ranges called?
    • Kulun
    • Himalayas
    • Karakorum
  26. one of the few passes that lead into the indian-subcontinent?
    Mustagh pass
  27. largest oasis city in Chinese Central Asia?
  28. What fertile valley does the route take through the pamir mtns?
    Ferengana Valley
  29. What 2 desert follow the Pamir mtns?
    • Kazil Kum
    • Kara Kum
  30. how long is the plateau of iran?
    1,200 miles
  31. how high is Hamadan above sea level? what mtn range does it lie in?
    • 6000 feet.
    • Alvand
  32. What is the oasis city of Palmyra known as?
    the Bride of the Desert.
  33. what geo feature do the cities of Antioch and Tyre occupy?
    Medeteranean sea
  34. What was Buddahs real name
    Saddartha Guatama
  35. who was the induvidual who gave up all comforts to find enlightenment?
  36. who wrote the Koran?
    Muhammad's followers
  37. what are the 2 muslim sects?
    sunni and shia
  38. which sect believed the son of muhammad was the rightful leader?
  39. what year was the fall of rome?
    476 A.D.
  40. What time period followed the fall of Rome?
  41. dark ages
  42. what% of the world is either Christian or Muslim?
    about 55% or half
  43. in what century was the height of the Mongol empire?
    1200-1300 A.D.
Card Set
Silk Road Test
for Mr. Jacobsons world History