Understanding the Research Process

  1. Research Process
    Procedure founded upon the scientific method for investigating research problems that involve systematic progression through a series of necessary steps
  2. Research Question
    the central focus of the research effort that serves as athe basis for the research problem and provides direcdtion for the entire process.
  3. Types of Research Questions

  4. Problem statement
    a specific definitive statement that specifies the question or issue to be investigated in a research study; normally indicates the variables of interest to the researcher
  5. Delimitations
    characterisitics specified by the investigator that define the scope of the research study, effecting "fencing it in".
  6. Limitations
    aspects of a research study that the investigator cannot control, that represent weaknesses to the study, and that may negatively affect the results
  7. Assumptions
    facts or conditions presumed to be true, yet not actually verified, that becom e underlying basics for in the planning and implementation of the research study.
  8. Variable
    A characterisitic, trait, or attribute of a person or thing that can take on more than one value and can be classified or measured.
  9. independent variable
    the experimental or treatment variable in a astudy; it is the variable that is purposively manipulated or selected bythe researcher in order to determine its effect on some observed phenomenon; it is anetecedent to the dependent variable
  10. Dependent variable
    the variable that is expected to change as a result of the independent variable; it is the variable that is observed or measured in a study.
  11. extraneous variable
    error producing variable that could negatively affect the results of a research study if not adequately controlled
  12. Discriptive questions
    questions used to obtain descriptive information
  13. Difference Questions
    difference questions are used to make comparisons
  14. Relationship questions
    questions that seek to identify associations between variables.
  15. 12 steps of the research process
    • Identifying the research question
    • Initial review of literature
    • Distilling the question to a spedcific research problem
    • COntinued review of literature
    • Formulation of hypotheses
    • Determining the basic research approach
    • Identifying the population and sample
    • Designing data collection plan
    • Selecting or developing specific data collection insturments or procedures
    • Choosing the method of data analysis
    • Implementing the research plan
    • Interpreting the results
Card Set
Understanding the Research Process
Chapter 2 Key Terms