buzz words module 3 histology

The flashcards below were created by user embryo on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. pulse dampening
    in elastic arteries (great vessels); assists in maintenance of organ perfusion in diastole
  2. micropinocytotic vesicles
    transport vesicles across tunica intima of elastic and muscular arteries
  3. vasa vasora
    blood supply in tunica media of elastic and muscular arteries
  4. fibroblasts and macrophages
    in tunica adventitia of elastic arteries
  5. internal elastic membrane
    one of two elastic sheaths in muscular artery, in tunica intima
  6. factor 8 (non Willebrand)
    blood coagulation prot made by tunica intima of arterioles
  7. weibel-palade granules
    cytoplasmic; where Factor 8 stored in arterioles
  8. external elastic membrane
    one of two sheaths elastic sheaths in muscular artery; in tunica adventitia
  9. Epinepherine
  10. norepinepherine
  11. angiotensin 2
  12. endothelian
  13. bradykinin
  14. ANP
  15. prostacyclin
  16. endothelial tight junctions
    in capillary beds
  17. pericytes
    repair collagenous support, new blood vessel wall cells in continuous capillary
  18. location of continuous capillary
    limbs, m., lungs, CNS, tissues
  19. location of fenestrated capillary
    GI, gall bladder, kidney
  20. thin diaphragm
    over each fenestration in fenestrated capillaries
  21. location of sinusoidal capillaries
    liver, bone marrow, pituitary, spleen
  22. lg gaps, incomplete BM
    in sinusoidal capillaries
  23. NO-
    hormone made by capillary endothelial cells; relaxer of tunica media
  24. histamine and serotonin
    act in postcapillary venule
  25. margination and diapedesis
    in postcapillary venule
  26. circular smooth muscle
    in tunica media of medium vein
  27. longitudinal smooth muscle
    in tunica adventitia of medium vein
  28. line of demarcation
    btw tunica media and tunica intima of large veins
  29. infracardiac veins
    in tunica intima of large veins; forms semilunar valves
  30. endocardium
    continuous w/ tunica intima
  31. myocardium
    continuous w/ tunica media
  32. subendocardium
    in ventricle myocardium; contains purkinje fibers (modified cardiocytes)
  33. epicardium
    continuous w/ tunica adventitia
  34. fibrous pericardium
    dense CT outside parietal pericardium
  35. visceral pericardium
    cont w/ parietal pericardium of pericardial sac
  36. serous surface
    epicardium; decreases friction in heart contractions
  37. cardiogenic mesoderm
    forms two endocardial heart tubes
  38. somatic, splanchic, extraembryonic mesoderm
    give rise to blood islands and RBCs
  39. mesenchyme
    surrounds endothelial tubes; CT and smooth muscle
  40. stratified squamous epithelium
  41. superfiscial fascia
    LCT of hypodermis
  42. "skin"
    epidermis + dermis
  43. skin color
    act melanocytes, vascularity, carotene, CT
  44. pigmented nevi
  45. freckles
  46. cafe au lait spots
  47. melasma (cloasma)
  48. lentigo
    hyperpigmentation in infants
  49. vitiligo
  50. albinism
  51. piebaldism
  52. inflammatory diseases
    change skin pigmentation over time
  53. atopic dermatitis
    changes skin pigmentation over time
  54. systemic diseases
    changes skin pigmentation over time
  55. soft keratin
  56. hard keratin
    nails and hair cortex
  57. rete pegs
    aka epidermal ridges; downgrowths of epidermis
  58. dermal papillae
    upgrowths of dermis
  59. keratinohyalin granules
    stratum granulosum; show up in LM; composed of cysteine and dense matrix bodies w/ intF
  60. lamellar bodies
    aka odland bodies aka keratinosomes; only seen w/ EM; made of glycophospholipid; responsible for non-wet characteristic
  61. cuboidal/polygonal cells
    aka prickle cells; stratum spinosum
  62. tonofibrils
    aggregates of tonofilaments (cytokeratin), in all keratinocytes; connect desmosomes/adherens with inner cell stuff
  63. single cuboidal layer
    stratum basale; most mitotic activity
  64. hemidesmosomes
    only at stratum basale to basement membrane
  65. basement membrane
    basal lamina + fibro-elastic CT
  66. clear cells
    langerhans, merkel cells, melanocytes; no desmosomes; shrinking cytoplasm w/ fixation
  67. langerhan's
    APC of epidermis, from monocytes; allergy
  68. birbeck granules
    only seen w/ EM; are rod-like cytoplasmic granules in Langerhans cells
  69. sensory cells in basal epidermis
    merkel; NC derivative
  70. catecholamines
    merkel cells look similar to these
  71. melanin granules
    made by melanocytes
  72. tyrosine
    precursor to melanin
  73. cytokine secretion
    melanocytes transfer melanin granules to keratinocytes (UVB damage)
  74. subepithelial layer
    papillary layer of dermis
  75. lines of stress in dermis
    langer's lines; parallel lines of CT in dermis; think surgery cuts
  76. stratified cuboidal
    excretory portion/duct of gland
  77. simple cuboidal
    secretory portion of duct; in hypodermis
  78. myoepithelial cells
    in hypodermis; secretory portion of duct; contraticle (smooth mm); eosinophilic cyt
  79. eponcychium
    nail cuticle
  80. germinal matrix
    deep to nail cuticle
  81. perionchium
    soft skin on sides of cuticle
  82. hypochychium
    soft skin below free end of nail
  83. lunula
    half moon on nail, thickest
  84. pilosebaceous
    hair follicle and sebaceous gland as unit
  85. papilla (hair)
    in bulb; blood supply
  86. anagen
    hair growth
  87. catagen
    no more matrix prolif
  88. telogen
    inactive hair
  89. dihydrotestosterone
    gonal steroid to increase hair growth
  90. adrenal/thyroid hormones
    gonadal steroid to influence hair growth
  91. hirsuitism
    androgens in females...male hair :(
  92. polycystic ovarian disease
    causes hirsuitism
  93. cushing's syndrome
    causes hirsuitism
  94. estrogens (hair)
    decrease growth
  95. milk lines
    bilateral epidermal ridges...nipple lines!
  96. montgomery's tubules
    nodule sebaceous glands w/in areola
  97. gynecomastia
    transient hyperplasia of lact ducts in males
  98. klinefelter's
  99. hepatic cirrhosis
  100. aged males
  101. high est, prog
    stim ductal and alveolar cells in later half o menstrual cycle
  102. esto/proL (pregnancy)
    dev ducts
  103. prog (preggers)
    dev of secretory alveoli
  104. glucocorticoids, insulin, GH, TH
    dev/act of mammary glands
  105. colostrum
    premilk; last mos preg to 1-3 days postpartum
  106. mammogenesis
    proL low and est high
  107. galactopoeiss
    milk prod; est low and proL high
  108. mitogen
  109. dopamine receptor antagonists
    block lactation (also done by est)
  110. oxytocin
    stim by reflex arc to cause myoepithelial cell contraction
  111. hypothalamus
    reases oxytocin to neurohypophysis
  112. neurohypophysis
    releases oxytocin to mammary glands
  113. cervix
    stim hypothalamus during ferguson reflex and birth
  114. vagina
    stim hypothalamus during sex and birth
  115. respiratory distress syndrome
    incomplete type 2 cells...less surfactant
  116. stratified sq ep (resp)
    vestibule of nose only
  117. vibrissae
    filters lg matter in nose
  118. conchae
    increases SA for turbulence
  119. brush cells
    columnar w/ microvilla; detects sensory info
  120. granule cells
    neuroendocrine, make NE
  121. bipolar neurons
    non motile cilia; in olfactory epithelium; forms CN1
  122. supporting cells
    aka sustentacular; microvillia
  123. lipofuscin granules
    supporting cells; brown color
  124. bowman's glands
    in lamina propria of olfactory
  125. nonkeratinized strat sq epi (resp)
    lingual epiglottis, vocal cords
  126. mucosa (resp)
    lamina propria and epithelium
  127. trachealis
    bridges C rings, smooth mm
  128. fibroelastic CT
    btw C rings in trachea
  129. clara cells
    secrete surfactant in bronchioles
  130. drumstick
    alveolar ducts in bronchiolar walls; simple cuboidal
  131. type 1/2 pneuomocytes
  132. lamellar bodies (resp)
    apical cytoplasm of alveoli; has surfactant
  133. zona occludens
    btw type 1 in alveoli; resists leakage
  134. pores of Kohn
    pores in alveoli to allow flow btw alveoli to equalize pressure (but also allows for spread paths)
  135. dust/heart failure cells
    alveolar macrophages (since no more cilia, mucous)
  136. CHF
    dust cells eat RBCs
Card Set
buzz words module 3 histology
MS1/Mod 3: Histology, CVS
Show Answers