PH 661 Terms

  1. Perceived susceptibility
    belief about the chances or risk of getting a certain disease (HBM)
  2. Perceived severity
    belief about how serious a disease or condition is (HBM)
  3. Perceived benefits
    belief about how efficacious the advised action to reduce disease impact is (HBM)
  4. Perceived barriers
    belief about the costs (psychologically and tangible) of the proposed action (HBM)
  5. Cues to action
    strategies to promote action, activate "readiness" (HBM)
  6. Behavioral beliefs
    beliefs about the specific outcomes of a behavior (measured by differential scale, “My using a condom the next time I have sex will help protect me from STDs : likely-->unlikely) TRA/TPB
  7. Evaluation of behavioral outcomes
    value attached to a behavioral outcome (Protecting myself from getting STDs is: good-->bad) TRA/TPB
  8. Normative beliefs
    belief about whether referent ppl approve or disapprove of a behavior (“My friends/partner think I: should→shouldn’t use condoms the next time I have sex”) TRA/TPB
  9. Motivation to comply
    an individual’s motivation to do what a referent thinks they should do (“How much do you want to do what your partner thinks you should do? Not much at all→Very”) TRA/TPB
  10. Control belief
    perceived likelihood of occurrence of each facilitating or constraining condition (“How likely is it that you can persuade your partner to use condoms the next time you have sex? Likely→unlikely”) TRA/TPB
  11. Perceived power
    perceived effect of each condition, making it easier or harder (“How easy or difficult will it be to persuade your partner to use condoms the next time you have sex? Easy→difficult”)
  12. Consciousness raising
    increasing awareness about causes, consequences and cures for a particular problem behavior (education, feedback, media campaigns) SOC
  13. Dramatic Relief
    produces increased emotional experience/response, followed by a reduced affect if appropriate action is taken (personal testimonies, media campaigns, grieving) SOC
  14. Self-reevaluation
    cognitive and affective assessments of one’s self-image with and without a particular unhealthy habit (value clarification, imagery, role models) SOC
  15. Environmental reevaluation
    cognitive and affective assessments of how the presence/absence of a habit affects one’s social environment (“look how alcoholism affects the family”, family interventions) SOC
  16. Self-liberation
    the belief that one can change and the recurring commitment to act on that belief (ie willpower, new year’s resolutions) SOC
  17. Social liberation
    increasing social opportunities to avoid bad habits, especially when deprived/oppressed (empowerment, policies, ie “take back the night”) SOC
  18. Counter conditioning
    learning healthier behaviors to substitute for problem behaviors (NRT, healthier eating, positive self-take) SOC
  19. Stimulus control
    removes cues for unhealthy habits, adds prompts for healthier alternatives (self-help/support groups, avoidance ie not going to a bar) SOC
  20. Contingency/Reinforcement management
    providing consequences for taking steps in a direction (usually rewards/incentives, group recognition ie weight watchers) SOC
  21. Helping relationships
    combine caring, trust, openness, acceptance and support for healthy behavior change (rapport building, health coaching/workout partner, ie dissertation support group) SOC
  22. Decisional balance
    pros/cons of changing (gains/costs for self and others) SOC
  23. Self efficacy
    confidence that one can engage in the healthy behavior across challenging situations (“are you confident you can go to the party and not relapse?”) SOC
  24. Temptation
    temptation to engage in the unhealthy behavior across challenging situations (“how strong is the temptation to drink at the party?”) SOC
  25. Precontemplation
    no intention to take action in the next 6 months
  26. Contemplation
    intends to take action in the next 6 months, weighing benefits/costs of behavior
  27. Preparation
    intends to take action in the next 30 days, and has taken some steps in this direction
  28. Action
    changed overt behavior for less than 6 months
  29. Maintenance
    maintaining new behavior over time (6+ months)
  30. Termination
    No temptation to relapse and 100% confidence
Card Set
PH 661 Terms
PH 661 midterm terms