Personality Theories exam 1

  1. Adler EGO
    Adler feld EGO was creative not reactive

    bringing ideas to fruition was the purpose of mankind
  2. Adler Oedipus complex
    male child does not attempt to posses the mother, but strives to attain superiority over his father
  3. Adler Narcissim vs social interest
    Contratry to frued, Adler felt narccism went against human tendency and was a deficency.

    though that humans should develope a healthy social interest in the wellbeing of others
  4. Adlers Motivation toward goals or staifying drives
    did not think people were motivated by silencing the discomfort of biological needs, but rather a motivation to acheive their goals
  5. Adler Unity vs Fragmentation
    though personality tended toward becoming a whole unit. Unlike frued wo had them being fragmented opposing parts
  6. adler dreams
    attempt to solve problems of the concious world
  7. Adler - Organ Inferiority
    Felt that physicals inferiorities drove people to overcompensate and use these new skills as careers, ect.
  8. Adler - Drive
    Drives are several components that all work together to make the person function.

    Drives can be transfored to the opposite- drive to eat become annorexia

    Displacement - love for father transfers to love for another authority

    Inward redirection- Drive to see becomes drive to be looked at

    displacement onto a strong drive - blocking sex drive increases drive to look at sex
  9. Adler- Masculine protests
    drive for men and women to strive for superiority

    peoples organ inferiorites translate fellings of being less than others.
  10. adler neurotic personalities
    person becomes obseessed with protecting ones self, compensation for feelings of inferioriy
  11. adler - safegaurding strarigies
    • excuses or rationalizing
    • - reasons to escape lifes demands
    • aggressive startegies
    • - depreication
    • -accusation
    • -self accusation (guilt)
    • distanceing strategies
    • -moving backward
    • -standing still
    • -hesitation
    • -constructing obsticles
  12. adlers life tasks
    • Occupational - feeling of inferiority can only be quelled by meaningful work
    • Societal - make the world a better place
    • Love - continue mankind

    all tasks are interelated and neccessary to solving the problem of life
  13. adler - personality types
    Ruling Dominant - assertive, agressive, manipulate and master life. minmal social interest and little empathy. May become antisocial

    Getting-Leaning Type - freeloaders, little social interets and low activity levels

    Avoidant - acheive mastery by avoiding defeat. Low social interest and even lower activity levels

    Socially Useful - high activity, high social interest and empathy
  14. Ader Birth order
    Oldest child - prepares itself for being alone because 2nd child took all attention. facinated with the past. or may become the helper by immitating mom/dad

    Second born - strives to out achieve the first born, unless the first is so advanced that they give up.

    youngest child - pampered throughout life, strives to achieve, causes the second most problems as a child. can be very ambition

    only child - pampered by mom. rival of the father. can develop charm to make others like them
  15. Freud - Dreams
    disguised wish fulfillment

    • Two systems:
    • Unconcious - wishes emerge
    • preconcious censorship - prevent wishes from freely intering the concious
  16. Freud: ID, EGO Superego
    ID - striving to bring the satifaction of instinctual needs

    EGO - analyze the environment and learn to bringa bout changes that are benificial to survival, gain control over the expression of instincts

    Superego - the conscience of the mind. grows stronger with every denial of instinct. works conciously and unconciously.
  17. Freuds stages of developement
    Birth - global feelings of flooding, distress, helplessness

    oral stage - yr 1 fear of loss of the love object (mother)

    Anal stage - 2-3yr Fear of loss of the object's love

    Phallic phase - 4-6yrs castration fear and anxiety over injury

    Post-oedipal though adulthood - Fear of superego censure: negative self judements
  18. Frueds personalitie
    Oral - prone to use of repression and denial
  19. Anna - Child therapy technique
    • prepratory phase - child comes to respect the superior skills of an adult.
    • stage one -mirror childs moods
    • stage two - make yourself useful to child
    • stage three - demonstrate that analysis has practical advanges ( confessing bad deed to parents, minimiszing punishment)
  20. Anna Metaphysical Assessment
    fromal organization of data from patients into a coheisive profile.
  21. Anna - Developmental Lines
    • 1. Dependency to emotional self reliance
    • 2. suckling to rational eating
    • 3. wetting/soiling to blatter/bowel control
    • 4. Irresponsible to responsible body management
    • 5. body to toy and from play to work
    • 6. egocentricity to companionship
  22. Anna - observation
    realized that children are effected by current environmental factor and added observational information into the data collected when treating a child patient.
  23. Erickson - Ego integrity
    Theory that the ego is essintial to personality and is developed through a series of crisisies that lead to an indivduals ability (or lack of ) to love and work. (which is the ideal state)
  24. Erickson, ego crisis
    • trust/mistruct - infancy
    • Autonomy/shame,doubt - early childhood
    • Initiative/guilt - childhood (play age)
    • Industy/inferiority - (school age)
    • Identity/ role confusion - (adolescence)
    • Intimacy/isolation - young adult
    • Generativity/stagnation - Mature adult
    • Ego integrity/despair - Old age
  25. Erickson- Ritualization vs Ritualism
    Ritualization - the way we do things (greetings, common expression, ect)

    Ritualism - carrying out a ritualization without the appropriate meaning for emotions behind it
  26. Ericksons virtues/stages
    Successful completion of the stages results in these virtues

    trust/mistrust - HOPE

    Autonomy/shame,doubt - Will: capacity for self control

    Initiative/guilt: purpose, internalize right and wrong and the ability to pursue goals despite past failures

    industry/inferiority: competence - ability to complete taks w/o infantile infereiorirty interfeering.

    Identity/role confusion: fidelity - the intergration of ones identity into everyday life. (u actually become the role you previously played at)

    intamacy/isolation - love

    generativity vs stagnation - care, a widening concern for what has been generated by love

    ego integrity vs despair - wisdom, acceptance of death, no dicuss for the end of your life.
  27. Maslow - Hierarchy of Needs
    Psysiological: hunger, thirst, fatigue

    Safety: Avoidance of pain and anxiety

    Belongingness and love: Afection, intimacy, roots in family

    Esteem: self-respect adequacy, master

    Self actualization - to reach your potential
  28. Malsow - Self actulizing personality traits
    • Positive:
    • Reality and problem centered
    • self and others acceptance
    • Spontaneity and simplicity
    • need privacy
    • idependence of culture and environment
    • resists enculturation
    • freshness of appreciation
    • creativeness
    • unhostile sense of humor
    • democratic
    • gemeinshaftsgefu - fellow feeling, interest in others wellbeing
    • intimate personal relations
    • peak experiences
    • descrimination between means and end

    • Negative
    • unexpected ruthlessness, occasional absentmindedness, overkindliness, non-neurotic guilt, anxiety
  29. Maslow - peak experineces
    expressions of optimal states of intergrated personality functioning

    • spontanious and naturally occurences
    • value is lost when a peak experinece is not natuarlly attained

    altered state where a person gets a deeper grasp of life and the meaning of existence
  30. Maslow B values
    • being values
    • growth needs that deal with the quality and nature of beings

    trying to bring order and beauty to the world.

    source of motivation for SA individuals
  31. Maslow - personality health
    not meerly the abscene of pathology but a plethora of positive qualities
  32. Rogers - humanistic SA theory
    individuals have a drive toward growth, health, and adjustments

    stresses emotional elements, intellectual and feeling aspect of situation

    focus on immediate situation as opposed to the past

    emphasis on theraputic realtionships where individua learns to relate to others successfully
  33. Rogers - non directive therapy
    Attainment of insight by clarifications of feelings through rephrasing emotional content

    warns against untrained use of his technique which will appear as if the therapist doesnt care and is directionless.
  34. Rogers - 6 conditions for personality change
    Two people who are aware that the others presence makes a difference

    client in a state of self incongruence - descrepency between clients self image and ongoing expereince

    Self congruent - therapist is free to express + and - with client

    Unconditional + regard for client

    empathetic understanding of clients internal frame of reference

    communication of empathetic understanding and unconditional positive regard must be minally achieved - if the client doesnt precieve theses things then they are not real
Card Set
Personality Theories exam 1
Personality Theories exam 1