Vocab 2

  1. Catecholamines
    Epinephrine and norepinephrine, hormones that strongly affect the nervous and cardiovascular systems, metabolic rate, temperature, and smooth muscle.
  2. Natriuretic peptides (NP's)
    peptide hormones synthesized by the heart, brain, and the other organs with effects that include excretion of large amounts of sodium in the urine and dilation of the blood vessels.
  3. Diapedisis
    movement of white cells out of blood vessels through gaps in the vessel walls that are created when inflammatory processes cause the vessle walls to constrict.
  4. Drug Schedule I
    High abuse potential; may lead to severe dependence; no accepted medical indications; used for research, analysis, or instruction only. Ex. Herion, LSD, mecaline
  5. Drug Schedule II
    High abuse potential; may lead to severe dependence; accepted medical indications. EX. Opium, cocaine, morphine, codeine, oxycodone, methoadone, secobarbital.
  6. Schedule III
    Less abusi potential than Schedule I and II; may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence; accepted medical indications. ex limited opiod amounts or combined with noncontrolled substances: Vicodin, Tylenol with codeine.
  7. Scheduled IV
    Low abuse potential comkpared to Schedule III: limited psychological and/or physical dependence; accepted medical indications Ex Diazepam, lorazepam, phenobarbital.
  8. Schedule V
    Lower abuse potential compared to Schedule IV; may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence; accepted medical indications.
  9. Assay
    Test that determines the amount and purity of a given chemical in a preparation in the laboratory.
  10. Pharmacokinetics
    How a drug is absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and excreted; how drugs are transported into and out of the body.
  11. pharmacodynamics
    how a drug interacts with the body to cause its effects.
  12. Tinctures
    Prepared using an alcohol extraction process; some alcohol usually remains in the final drug preparation
  13. neuroleptanesthesia
    anesthesia that combines decreased sensation of pain with amnesia while the pt remains conscious.
  14. anesthesia
    absence of all sensations.
  15. Alpha1
    • Constriction of the arterioles
    • Constriction of the veins
    • mydriasis of the eyes
    • ejaculation of the penis
  16. Alpha2
    Presynaptic terminals inhibition
  17. Beta1
    • Increased heart rate
    • increased conductivity
    • increased automaticity
    • increased contractility
    • renin release
  18. Beta2
    • Bronchodilation of the lungs
    • dilation of the arterioles
    • inhibition of contractions of the uterus
    • tremors of the skeletal muscles
  19. Beta3
    lipolysis of the adipose tissue
  20. dopaminergic
    vasodilation (increased blood flow) in the kidneys
  21. Terbutaline specifically targets
    Beta2 receptors
  22. Activase
    Fibrinolytic (also called thrombolytics)
  23. Obstruction of the left coronary artery may result in infarct where?
    Anterior, lateral, or septal
  24. Right coronary artery blockage may result in infarct where?
    inferior wall, posterior wall, or the right ventricle
  25. Transmural infarction
    entire thickness of the myocardium is destroyed
  26. subendocardial infarction
    only the subendocardial layer is involved
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Vocab 2
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